February 2020 - Marina eNewsletter
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Sun Harbor Marina
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San Diego, CA 92106



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Clean Marina Minute
- By Kristen Page
Accidents happen, and although they might produce unfavorable events it is important to know how to respond responsibly. This month's articles will cover preventative measures and reparative actions for emergency spills, as well as proper storage and disposal for hazardous materials. Check out the links provided within the articles for more information on hazardous waste disposal, spill prevention, and emergency spill response.

Hazardous Materials
Although there are many types of hazardous waste, proper storage and disposal of hazardous materials differ depending on the item itself. This article explores the proper storage and disposal of some hazardous wastes commonly used by boaters – also referred to Household Hazardous Waste.

What is household hazardous waste? Household Hazardous Waste (HHW) includes a range of materials, but typically includes any product that is labeled with words such as "Danger", "Warning", "Caution", "Poison", "Flammable", or "Corrosive". Some examples of household hazardous waste include drain cleaners, oil paint, motor oil, antifreeze, fuel , poisons, pesticides, herbicides, fluorescent lamps, lamp ballasts, smoke detectors, medical waste, and consumer electronics like televisions, computers, and cell phones (also E-waste).

Storage and cautious use of these hazardous items is important. The marina has policies already in place regarding storing and using hazardous materials. Unattended open containers of paints and other maintenance supplies are not permitted on the docks. Keep all open containers on the boat or on land in a secondary containment. While the material is in use, the open container should be kept in a secondary containment. All materials used in the day to day operations must be stored indoors or in covered containers to reduce the possibility of pollution. Household hazardous materials must be stored in leak proof closed and labeled containers in a covered area and maintenance and inspection of all storage containers and storage areas need to be conducted on a routine basis. Try the following tips: Store chemical and liquid containers inside and in properly labeled containers. Use a funnel when pouring liquids and place a tray underneath to catch spills. Practice source reduction by ordering only the amount of hazardous materials that are needed to finish the project, and make sure to use Eco-Friendly cleaning supplies whenever possible. Once you've finished with your materials, hazardous materials cannot be treated as regular trash, and must be dealt with responsibly.

There are multiple locations accepting hazardous materials within a short distance of Sun Harbor Marina. You can take hazardous material to the Fuel Dock, the center at Harbor Island West, and O'Reilly Auto Parts to name a few. Although these sites accepting hazardous wastes are conveniently located very close to the marina, they may charge a fee to take your materials off your hands. If you are looking for a free option to dispose of your hazardous waste, look no further than San Diego's

Household Hazardous Waste Transfer Facility, located at the entrance of the Miramar landfill. You might need to bring ID and verification of your residence in San Diego.

It is CRUCIAL to dispose of hazardous materials responsibly, as all hazardous products pose serious health risks to sanitation workers and the environment. DO NOT treat hazardous waste as trash.

To learn more about Household Hazardous Waste, and find a HHW disposal site near you, visit this website .

Emergency Spill Response
Preventative measures are some of the best ways to avoid disastrous outcomes when it comes to dealing with hazardous materials. But even with proper safety measures in place, accidents still happen to the best of us. Responding responsibly to spills of hazardous materials - such as (but not limited to) oil, diesel, and fuel, are crucial for your safety as well as the safety of others and the environment.

Depending on the spilt material and whether the spill happens on land or in the water, use appropriate materials such as spill litter, sand, rags, or booms for quick and safe clean up. For fuel and diesel spills in the water, utilize the spill kit at head of the dock ramp. Sun Harbor Marina funds an Absorbent Pad Exchange Program for marina tenants. Oil absorbent pads and bibs are provided to marina tenants to safely respond to a spill. The white boxes on the main dock contain absorbent pads and pillows designed to absorb fuel instead of water. In addition to the spill kits on the docks that are provided by the marina, Sun Harbor also has a supply of fuel bibs and informational material in the office. Absorbent bibs are meant to catch the minor spills and splashes while fueling, while the larger absorbent "pillows" are meant for larger spills.

There are multiple ways to use an absorbent. You can place the absorbent at the bottom of a bilge to catch engine oil leaks, during maintenance and oil changes (inboard motors), to clean up accidental oil spills, around the nozzle while fueling, and in case a fuel line breaks. Once used and fully saturated, place the absorbent in a sealed, spill-proof container and bring it to the marina staff. It is illegal to put used absorbents in the trash. Sun Harbor Marina will dispose of the absorbents respectfully and responsibly for you.

If you would like to know more about how to respond to an emergency spill, follow the this link to a free course from Boat U.S. in spill prevention and response for marinas. If you would like to be even more involved in best clean boating practices, you might be interested in becoming part of the Dockwalker Program, a program founded in 1999 to promote clean boating through education. The Dockwalker program participates in outreach to local harbors to help boaters appropriately discard of used oil, waste products, and share best clean boating practices. If you are interested in this program please come see the staff in the marina office--we would love to get you involved!

Sun Harbor Marina will also be hosting a Spill Kit Seminar on Saturday, February 22nd in the Rec Room. We hope to see you there!

Good Maintenance for Boat Health
- By Laura Brownwood
Few people know better than boaters the value of preventing a disaster by attending to good maintenance.

High blood pressure affects about 30 percent of adults. If untreated, it increases your risks for heart disease, stroke, kidney disease, and dementia. Often the cause of high blood pressure is due to many factors, including a combination of diet and lifestyle. In his book What Your Doctor Might Not Tell You About: Hypertension, Mark Houston, MD, says hypertension is the third leading cause of death in the country.

About 60 percent of Americans with hypertension are overweight but losing 10 or 20 pounds can normalize blood pressure. Conversely, a number of things, including ibuprofen, contraceptives, and over-the-counter and prescription drugs can all elevate blood pressure. Our current thinking about how to treat and prevent high blood pressure is at best misguided, and at worst harmful. Rather than using medication and other invasive measures, the real question becomes what causes high blood pressure in the first place!

If you say your genes are responsible for high blood pressure, you are mostly wrong. It is the environment working on your genes that determines your risk. In other words, it is the way you eat, how much you exercise, how you deal with stress, and the effects of environmental toxins that are the underlying causes of high blood pressure. Same with a boat . . . you must be very careful what type of liquids you put in your engine and you need to do some homework to be educated. You wouldn't think of putting diesel in a gas engine, because it would cause huge damage . . . well, there are liquids and foods you put in your body that also cause huge damage!

While physicians resort to medications to treat high blood pressure, they overlook the most effective drug of all: food. The right foods and nutrients can dramatically lower blood pressure without the high costs and side effects of medications.

Lifestyle factors also contribute to or exacerbate high blood pressure. Chronic stress alone can cause a heart attack. Fortunately, a number of natural strategies can help normalize blood pressure without prescription drugs or other invasive measures. Among those strategies include the whole-foods diet, targeted supplementation, exercise, and stress management.

Last but not least . . . WHAT ABOUT SALT? A new look at sodium and blood pressure

A relatively recent research to probe sodium's role in hypertension was presented at the Experimental Biology 2017 meeting, taking place in Chicago. Researcher L. Moore, at Boston University School of Medicine and her team took data from 2,632 men and women aged between 30 and 64 years. All participants had normal blood pressure at the start of the trial. Over the 16-year follow-up period, the researchers observed that the participants who consumed under 2,500 milligrams of sodium each day had higher blood pressure than those who consumed higher quantities of sodium.

Salt is an essential dietary nutrient. Without it, life itself would not be possible since all living things utilize salt! Here is more current research backing these statements the book, "The Salt Fix", by a leading cardiovascular research scientist.

PLEASE NOTE: there is a major difference between the salts available. This is important to understand if you want to take advantage of the many ways salt can improve your health. Salt, in its natural form, is referred to as "unrefined" salt which has not been altered by man. A few examples include Celtic Sea Salt, Pink Himalayan Salt and Redmond Salt.

In fact, patients with heart failure who ate a salt-restricted diet were 85 percent more likely to die or be hospitalized than patients who didn't limit their salt intake. There are some people with high blood pressure who are salt-sensitive. But even then, the research doesn't show much benefit to restricting salt.
Laura Brownwood

Captain John's Skipper Tips - 7 Low Visibility Sailing Navigation Tips for Safety
Imagine sailing in fog, showers, haze, squall or starless night. All of these conditions reduce visibility to make special navigation techniques vital for sailing safety. Follow these sea-tested tips to get your sailing crew home safe 'n sound.

Think of low visibility as any environmental condition that reduces your ability to judge distance or could lead to some loss of orientation. That's a mouthful, but we can whittle down to two things: you are unable to see well enough to continue sailing or cruising at the same speed. Stop and anchor if necessary. Let's look at seven first steps that need to happen within the first three minutes.

1. Hit the MOB Button.
Record your position right away through the man overboard button on your GPS. Write down the latitude and longitude in your log (you will use this in the next step). Take a visual bearing to the closest charted fixed or floating object (light or buoy). Write the magnetic bearing into the log.

2. Slow Down or Anchor.
Decide the action to take with momentum. No matter what's on your schedule, the safest action in sheltered waters will often be to anchor. Wait for visibility to improve before sailing on. If impractical, slow down to that speed which will allow you to stop the boat within 1/2 the distance of visibility. Most sailors will start the engine in fog, but that's may not be the best option. Realize that hearing takes precedent as the #1 factor in fog. Keep it quiet. If you do operate the engine, send a lookout forward (your partner).

3. Wear These Five to Stay Alive.
Knife; Lanyard, Pfd; Whistle; Strobe. Get all hands aboard into their pfd. No one should be aboard without a knife attached to waist with a lanyard. A knife does no good if it slips out of wet hands over the side. Insist on the lanyard and keep it at the waist (not--as I've seen--around the neck!). Attach a police whistle by a lanyard to each pfd, along with a high candlepower strobe, similar to those made by survival manufacturers like Mustang.

4. Sound the Signal to Match Your Status.
Sailors hate to sound signals and often do not. It's a pain, but try to do it anyway. If you get into a collision, an admiralty court will not consider short-handed sailing as an excuse. Sound one prolonged blast followed by two short blasts about two minutes apart if sailing. If you are under power or power and sail, continue the prolonged signal, but drop the two short blasts. If anchored, make some sort of signal once in a while to warn others of your location (unless you are anchored in an anchorage area or mooring field).

5. Head for the Shallows (if practicable).
Sail where the big boys fear to tread. Big ships, that is. These monsters are constrained by draft to stay in the channel center. I've navigated ships that pull 17 feet of draft, and our charts were annotated to show any shoal less than 36 feet or so. Take advantage of this based on your own navigational draft--or 2 to 2.5 times your loaded keel depth. If you have a 6-foot draft, you should stay in water at least 12 to 15 feet deep. Study the chart and look for channel edges or white pockets to stay clear of large vessels.

6. Keep the Paper Plot Going.
Maintain orientation with your nautical chart. This need not be dividers and parallel rules stuff. Not by a long shot. But at the least, use the clipboard navigation system described in earlier articles. Mark the chart from time to time to match it to the GPS. Label your location with the time to determine ETA at your next turn point or destination. If safe, stop the boat (or anchor) to update your chart work for sailing safety.

7. Consider the Closest Safe Haven.
When I skippered search and rescue small craft in the US Coast Guard, we towed a lot of disabled vessels. We were obligated to tow the boat to the closest safe port. That may or may not be the owner's home port, marina or mooring. Safety came first. If possible, we would return the boat to its homeport. But once in a while, weather or navigational safety required that we divert to another marina close by. This may be inconvenient, but it beats losing a boat or crew. In the end, each skipper must decide the best action based on the conditions. Sail safe; sail well.

Follow these seven sea-tested sailing tips the next time low visibility crosses your path. Keep your sailing crew or partner safe and sound this season and for many seasons to come -- wherever in the world you sail or cruise.

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