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March 2021 - Marina eNewsletter
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Sun Harbor Marina
5000 N. Harbor Drive
San Diego, CA 92106



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From the Marina Office!
Welcome to the March 2021 issue of the Sun Harbor Marina eNewsletter.

As we enter into March 2021, we find ourselves out of the shutdown and into the purple tier with county health orders continuing to evolve. We aren't yet back to indoor dining but hopefully we will be sometime in March. Per the latest orders in late January, gatherings of up to three households are allowed outdoors (this includes recreational boating). Parks, beaches and piers along San Diego Bay are open and activities such as walking, running, sports, working out, swimming, sitting, lying down and picnicking are allowed. These activities can be conducted so long as physical distancing can be maintained with non-household individuals and groups.

Below is link for updated information on recreational boating and the current San Diego County Health Orders and the Port of San Diego Response:
San Diego County Health Orders.
Port of San Diego Response

In this month's issue, we bring you our Clean Marina Minute; "Saltwater Community" from Laura Brownwood, Port of San Diego Corner, from Captain John, "Thinking About Cruising? Know This Skill-Set Before You Go!" and our March Recipe for Irish Soda Bread.

Marina News
• • Contractor Reminder: Contractors must have current insurance and need to check in at the Marina office. Please DO NOT lend your key to the contractor.

Pizza Nova is open for takeout, delivery and outdoor dining. Indoor dining may be available at a reduced capacity. Please check their website for additional information.

Disco's Paddle Surf is open for sales and rentals. Check out their new website. Social distancing protocols are in place.

• We love providing a monthly, new, fun recipe for everyone to try but we would really love to share some of your favorite recipes with everyone! So, if you would like to share a recipe, send it to assistan@sun-harbor.com. Can't wait to try your recipes!

Property Tax for Boat Owners
Information on property tax due for boat owners can be found on the San Diego Country Treasurer-Tax Collector's website. Remember that property tax is due on all boats in the marina. The marina is required by the county to send them a list of boats at the beginning of the year. The county sends someone randomly throughout the year to check the lists.

Special Dates in March
March 2nd -   Old Stuff Day
March 3rd -
  National Anthem Day
March 11th - Johnny Appleseed Day
March 12th - Plant a Flower Day
March 14th - Daylight Savings Begins
                      Learn about Butterflies Day
                      National Pi Day - Why today?
                      Because today is 3.14, value of Pi.
March 17th - St Patrick's Day
March 18th - Absolutely Incredible Kid Day
March 20th - International Earth Day
                      Spring (Vernal) Equinox
March 23rd - National Chip and Dip Day
March 27th - Passover
March 28th - Palm Sunday
                      Something on a Stick Day
March 30th - Take a Walk in the Park Day

Clean Marina Minute - Proper Pump-Out Procedure
- By Sean Peterson
Just a friendly reminder of the Pump Out rules and why they are important!

1. When pumping out make sure you have a complete seal on the deck fill AND any vents leading to the tank are open- Having a complete seal from the nozzle to your deck fill will ensure that no sewage is leaked during the operation. It is a violation of the Federal Water Pollution Control Act to discharge untreated sewage within navigable US waters. If your vents are open and free of debris you minimize the risk of collapsing your tank.

2. Before pumping out be sure to remove the entire hose from the reel- Any bends in the hose will negatively impact the effectiveness of the system. Any damages caused to the hose, or seals, by inappropriate use could result in a spill or the system becoming ineffective.

3. Remember to rinse off the adapter before you put it back in the bag- Untreated sewage hosts a wide variety of harmful bacteria and parasites and can cause substantial life-threatening illnesses. Here is a link to common bacteria and parasites found within untreated sewage and the illnesses associated with them.

4. Please run seawater through the hose for about a minute and allow the hose to completely empty into the hydrant before disconnecting and stowing it back on the cart. It will be a lot easier to move the cart when the hose is not filled with CLEAN seawater after you flush out the system.

5. Once complete, please press the red button to turn off the pump. This will save the pump from running unnecessary hours, wearing down parts and using unnecessary electricity.

As always if you have any questions don't hesitate to ask!

Larua's Blog - Saltwater Community
- By Laura Brownwood - Life.Joy.Now@gmail.com
Having a boat in a marina has MANY benefits, one of my favorites, is being part of a community. Community involvement provides a sense of belonging and social connectedness. It can also offer extra meaning and purpose to everyday life. Science has shown this can have a positive effect on mental health and emotional wellbeing.

Communities can exist or be created from hobbies, lived experiences and backgrounds, a common cause, or for Sun Harbor Marina boaters, a shared location. For many people, communicating with others – through online forums, social media, or in person – can help them to have a healthier mindset, improved self-worth, and greater enjoyment of life. Having people to talk to and depend on can help reduce the risk of emotional stress.

Having owned my boat for a decade, I was privileged to meet many boaters of great variety. Being a live-aboard I felt compelled to invite newcomers over for a "get acquainted" visit. Soooo many wonderful stories came across my path.

One of my favorite "sense of community" was when I would be coming in from the open bay, there were always those willing to help with lines as I docked my trawler.

Boaters have a special bond of community. They tend to get involved to help their neighbors knowing how important it can be if something goes wrong. It basically is an unwritten code most live by. They don't have to be asked, they just step up and do what needs to be done. They are compelled to take action because they can't be complacent if a vessel or its occupants are in need. It is sort of like a pay it forward kind of thing but then again not. It is a very refreshing change from so many landlubbers who "don't want to get involved."

Here are some interesting facts . . . Increasing community participation by 10% was shown to reduce violent times (UK study). Social participation and support are strongly linked to a long life, as well as the improved handling of stressful life situations (Norway study). Participating socially can be an effective way to maintain cognitive vitality in older adults (USA study).

In closing, I ask, have you helped or been helped by someone in your marina? The first time I really felt this to the core, was a few months after moving to SHM. It was pouring rain, and as I raced to my boat, I saw a neighbor using a kitchen pitcher to keep someone's dingy from filling up with water and sinking. That folks, is a wonderful sense of community!!!!

Port of San Diego Corner

• ECOncrete Pilot Project: The Port of San Diego and ECOncrete®, an eco-engineering company, have launched a three-year pilot project on Harbor Island to demonstrate an innovative new design of ECOncrete's award-winning interlocking COASTALOCK Tide Pool Armor. Harbor Island is currently protected from storm flooding and erosion by a riprap rock mound, offering very limited habitat value. As part of the pilot project at the Port, the first COASTALOCK installation anywhere in the world will secure Harbor Island's shoreline with 72 interlocking armor units to provide environmentally sensitive edge protection. Requiring minimal maintenance, the interlocking armor provides structural, ecological and community engagement benefits, including the promotion of marine organisms and restoration of local ecosystems. To read more about the project visit this link from the Port of San Diego website.

The Port of San Diego has released the second edition of its Blue Economy Incubator Highlights Report, which outlines the performance of its incubator portfolio based on measurable environmental, social, and financial benefits delivered by the portfolio companies, from pilot project to commercial success.

• San Diego Bay Aquaculture: Launched the first commercial shellfish aquaculture project in San Diego Bay.

• Rentunder: Completed the first installation of the company's drive-in Boatwash technology along the West Coast. The pilot is allowing for testing of the Boatwash's effectiveness to reduce copper inputs into the bay from hull cleaning operations.

• Swell Advantage: Since the successful completion of the pilot, Swell Advantage has finalized the development of its smart marina app in partnership with a local marina in San Diego Bay, generated sales across North America, and established strategic technology partnerships

• Red Lion Chem Tech: Red Lion is scheduled to field test its absorbent media filtration technology to remove dissolved copper in seawater during phase two of the Boatwash pilot project. Lab testing showed its media filtration technology is up to 85 percent efficient in removing copper from San Diego Bay water.

• Zephyr: During the one-year pilot, Zephyr's innovative marine debris skimming vessel removed over 33,000 pounds of marine debris from San Diego Bay. Zephyr contracted with the Port for one year to continue removing trash and debris from San Diego Bay.

• Sunken Seaweed: The seaweed aquaculture company installed its submerged pilot farm using assets managed by the Port in San Diego Bay. Since the start of the pilot, Sunken Seaweed has been cultivating, outplanting, growing, monitoring, and harvesting several species of seaweed native to Southern California.

• ecoSPEARS: In December 2020, ecoSPEARS deployed its SPEARS technology at Harbor Island and America's Cup Harbor in San Diego Bay to test a unique in-situ cleanup solution to extract toxic contaminants from impacted marine sediment.

• ECOncrete: In February 2021, ECOncrete will install its COASTALOCK interlocking tide pools at two locations on Harbor Island

• FREDsense: In 2020, FREDsense partnered with the Port to develop a portable five-in-one field-testing sensor device to provide real-time metals analysis during stormwater monitoring. FREDsense will create a prototype and test the sensor device during a rain event at the Port.

Read more about these pilot projects at this link.

Thinking About Cruising? Know This Skill-Set Before You Go!

Need to take a break below in the cabin, grab a nap, grab a snack, make some coffee, or perhaps cook up a scrumptious gourmet meal? As a sailing skipper, you need to learn how to sail a boat well, but you must also know the vital skill of heaving to--or stopping the boat.

This simple technique will ease the violent motion of pitching and rolling, allow your sailing crew time to rest, and lessen the strain on costly boat sails and sailing rigging. And you will know a skill that has been used by sailors like yourself for hundreds of years in light sailing winds or howling ocean gale.

Follow the steps below to learn how to heave-to under sail

1. Balance the boat to reduce heeling and weather helm. Reef the mainsail or reduce the headsail as necessary. Then, get onto a close hauled course.

2. Tack the boat, but leave the headsail sheets alone. Allow the jib to backwind as the bow passes through the wind.

3. Push the sailboat tiller downwind and lash it down to hold it in place. If using a wheel, turn the sailboat wheel toward the wind and set the wheel break to hold it in place (illustration above).

4. Adjust the mainsheet. You want the boat to make a zig-zag motion so that the mainsail tries to drive the boat up into the wind, but the backed headsail pushes the bow downwind.

Your small cruising boat should side-slip to leeward at 1 to 2 knots of boat speed. This also creates a slick to windward to help calm breaking seas.

5. Raise the tack of the backed headsail. Before taking off on a coastal or offshore cruise, get your sailmaker to make a few 12" to 18" wire rope pendants with eyes in each end. In heavy weather, raise the tack of the headsail with a pendant before you heave to.

This keeps the foot of the sail out of the way of seas that break aboard the boat and reduces stress on the sailing rigging.

Know What It Takes to Get YOUR Boat to Heave-to
The steps above are the basics, the defaults. Some boats are more difficult to get into the hove-to position. You might need to stream a sea anchor from the bow on a bridle. Or, on split rigs (ketches and yawls) fly a mizzen and reefed main or the mizzen alone

Read Lin and Larry Pardey's "Storm Tactics Handbook" to learn different ways to get difficult boats to heave-to. Take the time to know how to get your boat to heave-to in different conditions of wind and sea. It's one sailing skill that all sailors need to know for safer sailing on the waters of the world.

Marina Recipe - Irish Soda Bread with Raisins
Saint Patrick's Day is around the corner and that's when we start cooking our favorite Irish meals! This recipe is so good and would go great with your meal! Enjoy and "Top of the Morning to you!"

2 cups all-purpose flour
5 tbsp sugar
1 ½ tsps. baking powder
1 tsp salt
¾ tsp baking soda
3 tbsp softened butter
1 cup buttermilk
2/3 cup raisins

Preheat oven to 375°F.
Spray an 8-inch-diameter cake pan with cooking oil spray. In a large bowl, whisk together flour, 4 tablespoons sugar, baking powder, salt, and baking soda. Add butter and mix together until coarse.

In a second bowl, add buttermilk. Gradually stir dry ingredients into milk to blend. Mix in raisins. Shape dough into ball. Place dough onto the cake pan and flatten slightly. (Do not bring dough to edges of pan) Sprinkle dough with remaining 1 tablespoon sugar.

Bake bread for 40 minutes, until brown. Use a toothpick to test for doneness. Cool bread in pan for 10 minutes. Transfer to a wire rack. Serve warm or at room temperature with butter or margarine.

We are still experiencing some very high and low tides along with some strong surf. Please be mindful of your dock lines and check the tides. Follow the link to NOAA's San Diego Bay tides and currents.

Final Thanks
A big thank you to everyone who helped keep boats and boaters safe during the big storm we had in late January. The wind gusts were up to 60mph at the marina. Due to your help and phone calls, all issues were taken care of quickly and a number of potential disasters were averted. A true example of "Saltwater Community!"

That's it for Us! To follow our daily updates, please visit our Facebook Page. We also welcome your Comments on Yelp.

Best Regards,
Lisa Rustin and the Sun Harbor Marina Staff

About the Number One Cause of Boat Engine Problems
- By Commodore Vincent Pica

Hot, Hotter and Hottest! Perhaps non-intuitively, most engine manufacturers will tell you that overheating is the number one cause of engine problems.

Maybe that is a function of coastal mariners having a tendency to find themselves hard aground on sand more often than rocks. That usually means sand gets up into the raw water intakes. Or maybe it is a function of mariners simply not paying attention to how salt and small marine creatures can get up into the fine plumbing of raw water intakes and the connective plumbing.

Just like our hearts, a little blockage can do a world of hurt. What to do?

You can start by checking the raw water intakes on your lower unit. When you trim up the engine to keep the barnacles from growing on your prop, take a look at the intakes. If they aren't shiny clean, clean them and see what might be in there.

If you think that something got pushed in while you were cleaning the intake, every engine has a spigot. It is usually integrated with the warm-water tell-tale (where the hot water is released from its engine cooling efforts and returned to sea), which you can remove usually with your fingers and screw a garden hose into its place.

Let cold water run through the engine for 10-15 minutes (with the engine off – if there is sand in there, you want to wash it out, not grind it out!) If you wait until your electronic sensor shuts down the engine due to overheating, it is too late.

If your engine isn't overheating due to blocked raw water intakes, low or degraded oil will be the next culprit. Change both the oil and the filters - regularly. You should speak to your dock master or local surveyor about sending the old oil out for testing at least every 24-36 months.

If the testers find metal shavings in the oil, the engine is wearing itself away and you need to address that.

If you have more than one engine, change all the oil and all the filters at the same time. And be sure that you run the engine(s) for a goodly period of time prior to changing the oil so you get it all. It will flow like water if you heat it up. It will flow like molasses if you don't. And write the date of the oil change with a "Sharpie" right on the filter(s).

A prudent skipper will also open and close all sea cocks twice a season. If they won't move, they need to be replaced. They tend to be found in out of the way places, so splash them with some household ammonia. Keeps the mold away.

Commodore Pica is District Directorate Chief; Strategy & Innovation; First Coast Guard District, Southern Region USCGAux. He is also a U.S. Coast Guard licensed Master Captain. If you are interested in being part of USCG Forces, email me at JoinUSCGAux@aol.com .


Naughty Nautical Trivia of the Month

On war ships of old, it was necessary to keep a good supply of cannon balls near the cannon.

But how to prevent them from rolling about the deck? The best method devised was to stack them as a square based pyramid, with one ball on top, resting on four, resting on nine, which rested on sixteen.

Thus, a supply of 30 cannon balls could be stacked in a small area right next to the cannon. There was only one remaining problem - how to prevent the bottom layer from rolling out from under the others.

The solution was a metal plate with 16 round indentations, called, for reasons unknown, a Monkey. But if this plate were made of iron, the iron balls would quickly rust to it. The solution to the rusting problem was to make them of brass - hence, Brass Monkeys.

Few landlubbers realize that brass contracts much more and much faster than iron when chilled. Consequently, when the temperature dropped too far, the brass indentations would shrink so much that the iron cannon balls would come right off the monkey.

Thus, it was quite literally, cold enough to freeze the balls off a brass monkey. And all this time, you thought that was just a vulgar expression, didn't you?

Frustrated Trying to Hang Artwork on Your Boat?

It can be bad enough if a painting or sign or other piece of artwork falls off the wall at home, but on a rocking and rolling boat, it could do some damage or hurt someone.

Part of the special challenges a boat has in attaching artwork is that many of the surfaces are extremely smooth or uneven, and the high moisture environment can cause many types of adhesives to give way over time.

This is especially true of the popular adhesive picture "pull down" hanging strips that can be removed when no longer needed without leaving any residue behind.

If you're not concerned about leaving a residue, you can use velcro strips which are a much more adhesive, but even velcro strips can eventually succumb to high moisture.

Many sailors suggest that the only foolproof solution is to hang artwork using nails or screws and anchor the back corners with poster putty so it doesn't or slide side-to-side or flap out from the wall on a pitch or roll .

Last but not least, many superstitious people believe that a picture falling off a wall is a omen of an imminent death of someone you know.

Another good reason to hang things securely on your boat?

Top 10 Things To Consider When Cruising With a Dog

Most dogs really enjoy the boating experience. There's lots of people and activity, and it's an exciting thing to share with their masters. But there's lots to consider when deciding if you want to have your pooch as a cruising buddy or bud-ess.

Does Fido know how to swim, or does he sink like a rock? Can fussy Fifi be trained to pee-pee and poo-poo in the designated area? Will 200 pound Brutus insist on sleeping sideways in the bunk with you, or will he settle to crash in his own bed? Where the heck should you put his gynormous bed?

There are as many thoughts on the subject as there are experts, but here is the consensus of the top 10 things to have and do when cruising with a dog:

1) Always use a harness; never use a collar: If a boat takes a bad roll, or worse yet if your dog goes overboard, being tethered by a collar can result in severe injury.

2) Keep the harness on: Even if you're sitting at the dock, it's a good idea to keep your dog's harness on. He or she might miss that jump to the swim step and go snorkeling.

3) Buy the right kind of harness: There are many light weight life jacket style harnesses that are comfortable to wear at all times and that have a grip on the top to assist in accidental overboard situations.

4) Invest in a "Paws Aboard" kind of ramp for boarding: Your dog will appreciate an easy boarding ramp especially in rough water conditions.

5) "X' Marks the spot: Start training where you want Fido and Fifi to do their business when you're cruising. Many people say to start that training at home using a familiar piece of carpet or training pads, and then bring those pads or that piece of carpet to the boat, and place them where you want them to go.

6) This one is a no-brainer: Get a "boat-bed" for your dog. There's a big difference between the fabric dog bed your have at home vs. one that offers the right shape and material conducive to using on a boat. Google it and do some research to find the right boat bed for your dog.

7) Made in the shade: Most people don't think about it, but dogs can get really sun burned, especially out on the water on a sunny day. Be sure to be careful to protect your dog by keeping him or her in the shade.

8) Water water all the time: Buy one of those great spill-proof water bowls for you dog and make sure it's constantly filled. Get one that has a charcoal filter and has a constantly running "fountain" if you can.

9) A-B-C (Always be cool): Keep a spray bottle of water handy on those extra hot summer days. It's a great way to keep you dog cool and have a bit of fun at the same time.

10) Keep your dog tethered when underway: Most cruising experts feel this is rule #1 when cruising with a dog. It's much easier to keep your pooch aboard than it is to fish them out of the water.

Christian Marine Surveyors

It Just Ain't Right!
- By Captain H. G. "Rags" Laragione
Listening to conversations around the dock and yacht clubs, I often hear someone talking about a boating incident and declaring ". . . and I had the right of way".

Let me clear this up a bit ... THERE IS NO RIGHT OF WAY!

In the U.S. Coast Guard's official Rules of the Road, the term "Right of Way" is not used at all in International Rules, and is mentioned only once in Rule 9 of the Inland Waterways section, and only then in reference to operating in narrow channels or fairways on the Great Lakes or Western Rivers.

Rule 16 states "Action by the GIVE-WAY vessel; Every vessel which is directed to keep out of the way of another vessel shall, so far as possible, take early and substantial action to keep well clear."

This seems to be clear and simple - GIVE WAY! This can be accomplished by changing course or speed, or both.

Now, rule 17 is a bit more complex. "Action by the STAND-ON vessel; (a) (i) Where one of the two vessels is to keep out of the way, the other shall KEEP HER COURSE AND SPEED."

Still, simple and direct. Do not change your course or speed. This is so the GIVE-WAY vessel can take early and substantial action to keep well clear and avoid the collision.

(ii) The latter vessel may, however take action to avoid collision by HER MANEUVER ALONE as soon as it becomes apparent to her that the vessel required to keep out of the way IS NOT TAKING APPROPRIATE ACTION in compliance with these Rules.

So, if the STAND-ON VESSEL is concerned that the GIVE-WAY vessel is not taking appropriate action, then, the STAND-ON VESSEL may take action to keep clear.

This is a judgment call by the STAND ON vessel to be safe.

(b) When, from any cause, the vessel required to keep her course and speed finds herself so close that collision CANNOT BE AVOIDED by the action of the GIVE-WAY vessel alone, she SHALL take such action as will best AID TO AVOID COLLISION.

This is where it gets interesting, it is at this point that the responsibility to "give way" changes! The STAND-ON vessel now "SHALL take such action as will best aid to AVOID COLLISION"

(D) This Rule DOES NOT relieve the GIVE-WAY vessel of her obligation to keep out of the way.

This is just Rule 16 and Rule 17, there are other rules that cover the regulations covering a collision. When two vessels collide, BOTH vessels have broken a number of the "Rules Of The Road".

Keep in mind that Annex V of the rules states: "The operator of each self-propelled vessel 12 meters or more in length SHALL carry on board and maintain for ready reference a copy of the Inland Navigation Rules".

Not everyone knows or reads the rules and not everyone has had formal education in the Rules of the Road. Unfortunately some Sailboat Sailors wrongly assume that they have the RIGHT OF WAY over other vessels. There are videos on You Tube such as this one that show this unfortunate belief. Rule 18 can explain who is Stand On in relation to different types of vessels.

The moral of the story - As a captain, you are never relieved of the burden to avoid a collision.

Captain Laragione is the previous owner of The Maritime Institute. He is well known for his motto - "The key to safe boating is education; so let's get educated!"

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