August 2020 - Marina eNewsletter
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Blue Moon Yacht Services

Sun Harbor Marina
5000 N. Harbor Drive
San Diego, CA 92106



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From the Marina Office!
Welcome to the August 2020 issue of the Sun Harbor Marina eNewsletter.

We want to start this issue of the Sun Harbor Marina newsletter by thanking everyone for their continued patience during the ever changing orders related to COVID. San Diego moved further into phase reopening of businesses in June and then backed out of some openings in mid July. Bars, fitness centers, salons, malls, non-essential offices, theatres, places of worship and more are now closed again for indoor service until further notice. Although dine-in is closed, restaurants like our Pizza Nova are creating more outdoor dining to serve you and they continue to offer discounts on a number of items.

I want to introduce everyone to our newest assistant Deanna Svehla. She comes to us from Chula Vista, born and raised in San Diego, has lived in several other places for short periods of time while her husband was in the Army. Before coming to Sun Harbor, she worked at Kyocera as an Executive Admin for the CFO. In her free time, she enjoys walks on the beach and family activities.

In this month's issue, we bring you our Clean Marina Minute on safe fueling practices; Your Body's Natural Defender from Laura Brownwood, " Want to Sail Outside of Sheltered Waters? Do This First..." and our August recipe for campfire cooked apples in celebration of National Campfire Day.

Marina Events
Unfortunately, we are not able to have any events yet.

We will send out the word to everyone as soon as that changes. Although events are not possible yet, the upper deck is available for your use. Just remember to wear your mask and practice social distancing if there is someone else on the deck. We remain hopeful that we can host a Marina Day this year.

Marina News
Leland and Cecily Parsons were featured in a San Diego Union Tribune article on 7-8-2020. They own San Diego Boat Movers and have lived at the marina for many years. Check out the article here!

"Boating Business Booms
While Economy Busts"

We are handing out contractor keys with a new contactless system. Please have all contractors come to the office to sign in.

Please wear a mask when you are on the docks and in the restrooms.

All mail and packages can be collected in the mailroom. If you do not currently have mail service please contact us to start service.

Pizza Nova is open for takeout and delivery and outside dining.

OEX is open for rentals with social distancing protocols in place.

Special Dates in July

August 1st      National Campfire Day
August 2nd
    Friendship Day and USCG Day
August 7th
      International Beer Day
August 11-13
 Annual Perseid Meteor Shower
                       (peak date varies slightly)
August 13th    Left Hander's Day
August 19th
   National Potato Day
August 22th
   Be an Angel Day
August 25th
   National Banana Split Day
August 26th
   National Dog Day

Clean Marina Minute - Use Safe, Spill Proof Fueling Practices
- By Sean Peterson
California has more boaters than almost any state in the nation, and all those boaters put in a lot of hours on the water. Millions of gallons of fuel and diesel are sold to recreational boaters in CA every year. It is extremely important for boaters to implement clean and safe boating practices when filling up a tank to protect the environment and their health and safety. Accidental overflows, splashes and spills go directly into the water and impact our environment. We can make a big difference by implementing the following clean boating practices:

Before Fueling...
Always remember SAFETY first! Be sure your vessel is securely moored to the fuel dock, shut off the engine, turn off all electronic equipment and heat sources, and send all other passengers ashore.

  • Close all hatches, doors and ports.

  • Extinguish all burning tobacco and make sure no one is on board before fueling.

  • Make sure your fire extinguisher is within reach.

  • Know how much fuel your boat holds and how much you need. Inquire about what the flow rate is for the fuel source you are utilizing. This information, coupled with your knowledge of your boat tank capacity and tank fuel level, will assist you to have a better understanding of how long the fuel nozzle should be on.

  • Make sure you fill up the tank with the right type of fuel and check that the fuel is going into the proper fill entry.

  • Make sure you check with the marina or fuel dock staff about their fueling policies. If you have any questions regarding how to properly fuel your boat, contact your marina or fuel dock operator.

While Fueling...

  • While fueling, make sure the fuel nozzle is in contact with the metallic fuel tube or pipe to prevent static sparks. Attend the fuel nozzle at all times.

  • Always use an oil absorbent, fuel donut or fuel bib around the deck filler (available at some marinas and marine supply stores) to catch spills and overflow. Be sure to properly dispose of fuel-soaked absorbents as hazardous waste.

  • Use a properly vented fuel spill container to cover the air vent and catch spills and overflows from the vent and prevent them from reaching the surface of the water.

  • Consider installing a fuel spill prevention device, such as a fuel/air separator or whistle in the vent line, to prevent overfilling.

  • Fill tank slowly and listen for a change in tone as the tank gets full.

  • Do not rely on the automatic shut-off nozzle to prevent spills; they often do not shut off in time.

  • Fuel the boat at the start of trips and only to 90% of tank capacity. Remember fuel expands as it heats. If you leave your boat with a full tank on the water your boat may vent fuel overboard.

Never turn on the switch for fuel gauge (or any switch) while refueling. Turning on any electronics while fueling is dangerous and can increase the risk of sparking.

After Fueling...

  • After fueling screw the cap on tight to keep vapors from escaping

  • Clean any drops off the nozzle and boat deck with an absorbent.

  • And for gasoline systems, before starting the engine, open hatches, doors and ports to ventilate and operate the blower for 3-5 minutes.

  • Check bilge and engine compartment for fuel odors and make sure there is no odor of gasoline anywhere in the boat.

The same rules apply when fueling a personal watercraft in the water.

Here are some additional tips:

  • At the end of the season or during long periods of inactivity, leave the tank full to reduce corrosion and condensation. Add fuel stabilizer to prevent stale gas.

  • Always fill portable tanks ashore where spills are less likely to occur and easier to clean up. Portable tanks should be on the ground when filled- to prevent risk of static sparks, never fill plastic portable tanks with tanks in the back of a truck with a non-metallic bed liner Use funnels to fill portable tanks, or spill-proof portable containers, and keep oil-only absorbents on hand to catch spills. .

  • If a spill occurs, do not apply detergents or soaps, it is illegal. Use absorbents

  • Report ALL spills of oil and chemicals immediately to the National Response Center (800) 424-8802, California Office of Emergency Services (800) OILS911 and to the marina office.

Your Body's Natural Defender
- By Laura Brownwood
A very integral part of a good sailing vessel is a strong hull because the most important thing in sailing is to keep the water outside the boat. As far as our bodies go, just beyond your physical barrier, your immune system is the next line of defense against germs and infection. If your outer defenses, tears, mucus, and other barriers are breached, your immune system responds to a barrage of pathogens.

Natural ways to boost your immune system are crucial to a healthy lifestyle. Given your immune support is just that, a system, balance and harmony are essential for optimal, effective responses to disease-causing microorganisms that attempt to invade the body. A firm foundation of health takes time to build and extends far beyond acute threats like Covid and seasonal outbursts. The daily choices you make change your state of health and well-being, but what can you do to make a lasting difference over time? Consider these lifestyle habits and their importance to make an impact on your immune system health.

Captain John's Skipper Tips - Want to Sail Outside of Sheltered Waters? Do This First...
I get questions now and then, asking what's the #1 thing to do to get your crew ready for sailing or cruising. Well, that's pretty easy. It's almost never done on boats these days. The excuses could fill a paperback. "Not enough time..."; "We'll do it once we get underway..."; "You better be ready when you get here!" (this last one's one of my favorites).

As if we are all professional delivery skippers or crew? Most of us sail a few weeks (total) out of the year. That's reality. Unless you deliver boats for a living or teach aboard boats day in and day out--you will likely NOT be ready on this particular boat unless you know it intimately. It's not your lifetime partner or spouse, so how in the world can anyone know it intimately?

Which brings me back to the point I emphasize day in and day out on My answer to the question: Training. You, the skipper, are 100% responsible for training YOUR sailing crew, spouse or partner. It's part of the deal. It's a huge part of being a skipper.

YOU alone must ensure that they have a good handle on the most common tasks. Emphasis here: most common sailing tasks. MOB is not a task; it is an event. Nor is it common. Important to know absolutely. But, it is far, far from common.

Marina Recipe
This month we bring you something fun in honor of Summertime and Campfire day!

Campfire Cooked Apples!


  • Apples
  • Brown Sugar
  • Optional: Sliced nuts, flaked coconut and chocolate chips
  • Caramel Sauce or Topping


  1. Cut an Apple into slices and remove core

  2. Place an apple on a piece of aluminum foil

  3. Sprinkle brown sugar on the apple slices

  4. Optional: you can add other items to make it fun and tasty like: flaked coconut, sliced walnuts, and chocolate chips

  5. Wrap apple in aluminum foil

  6. Repeat steps above for each apple.

  7. Place apples in campfire and cook for about 15 to 20 minutes until tender

  8. For cooking at home, pre-heat oven to 350 degrees. Place on a cookie sheet and bake for 15 to 20 minutes until tender

  9. Then open the packets and drizzle some caramel topping over the apples!

Just want to remind everyone that we are a no Dump Zone and proper disposal of garbage helps to keep the marina clean for all of us.

Solid waste can collect at marinas, yacht clubs, and boat ramp sites. The waste will enter surface waters if litter is not continuously picked up, and if trash receptacles are not provided or conveniently located. If insufficient attention is given to controlling waste produced during boat operation, cleaning, maintenance and repair activities, waste will collect.

Abiding by the Clean Water Act. It is important to understand that these laws were put in place to keep our oceans clean, healthy and thriving, ensuring protection of marine biodiversity. USCG law states:

  • "U.S. flagged ships on international voyages and visiting ports of a country that are party to MARPOL Annex V will need to meet the annex's placard requirements to avoid possible port state control action. Operators are encouraged to make and post copies of the relevant examples."

    "All vessels 26 feet or greater in length must have a MARPOL Annex V placard prominently displayed for the crew and passengers per 33CFR151.59 ."

  • If you want a MARPOL placard please come see us in the office we are giving them out while supplies last (see below). These are also posted on the bulletin board at the main gate to the docks.

Final Thanks
These continue to be challenging times in so many ways for each of us individually and as a community. I am so thankful and grateful for all of you and our wonderful community. I hope everyone is finding time to take your boat out and enjoy the San Diego Bay or parts farther afield. Stay safe and well.

That's it for Us! To follow our daily updates, please visit our Facebook Page. We also welcome your Comments on Yelp.

Best Regards,
Lisa Rustin and the Sun Harbor Marina Staff

Boat Prices Spike - One of the Phases of Covid?
- By Kells Christian
At the outset we wondered whether it would reach us, sensing the inevitable but feeling hopeful. The dark cloud spread across the globe until Corona rained hard on America.

A sudden shut down, despair and panic took a quick hold on us, but eventually gave way to acceptance and relief. A slow shift to the new normal occurred and then suddenly the marine business was at full throttle. And then from nowhere came a boat price spike spurred by unexpectedly high demand.

Now is the time to sell your boat.

In a brief search of the internet I found no scientific research. There are articles describing the phenomenon, but I found no economists' papers, studies or polls.

The community involved in buying and selling boats including dealers, brokers, marine surveyors and the wide range of other marine professionals are abuzz, and many have the same ideas as to the cause of this phenomenon.

The consumers leading this demand feel they have come out of the storm, though they may have only entered the eye. Many in the upper income class did not suffer significant losses and are now faced with deciding how to spend their liquid capital. International travel, vacation homes and cruises are out. RVs, planes and boats are in.

We spoke with a dealer who ordered new boats and asked the manufacturer for any extra inventory that may become available. The manufacturer responded that was a common request from the dealer network at the moment.

The sudden spike is making the appraisal process challenging. Even common production boats, with multiple comparable sale prices available, are difficult to accurately appraise. There are very few recent comps reflecting the demand driven value spike. The sudden increase is nearly impossible to extrapolate.

We have appraised several average boats above the highest reported comparable sale price, and still have come up below the agreed sale price.

No one knows how long the spike will last. What effect might the recent rise in Covid-19 infections have? Will it fuel the demand or kill the rally, stay tuned.

Kells Christian has been an accredited Marine Surveyor since 1990. His expertise extends to both recreational and commercial vessels. You can e-mail your marine surveyor questions to or Click Here to visit his web site.

Are You Equipped to Handle a Man-Overboard Situation?
- By Captain H.G. "Rags" Laragione
Do you only have that weather beaten life ring with your vessel's logo and some of those old orange "pillows" with straps?

If so, you're probably in deep trouble if someone goes over the side.

If it's been a while since you thought about this subject, here's a few hints and tips to consider.

One of the most clever "do it yourself" rescue items I saw in the military was a softball with a hole drilled into it attached to a secure line that was coiled in a bucket.

If someone fell overboard, this was infinitely more controllable to throw to someone than the traditional life ring, which usually never comes anywhere near enough to the person needing it.

And with today's affordable technology, there are some really great new rescue items you should consider adding to your safety arsenal.

For example, if you cruise at night, purchase a hand-held searchlight and one of the new hand-held night vision cameras. They are not only great in a night rescue situation, they are very helpful during nighttime navigation.

And especially on sailboats it's essential to have a ladder aboard and not just rely on a swim step. There are countless stories of tragedies where a person couldn't get back aboard for the lack of a ladder to deploy.

You might also consider purchasing the Life- Safer Personal Retriever. This is a U.S. Coast Guard (USCG) approved, state-of-the-art, throwable Personal Flotation Device (PFD) developed to enable first responders ashore or afloat the ability to quickly retrieve people from the water.

I wrote about this is to encourage you to visit your local marine store and take a look at what's new in the man-overboard market because it might save a life of someone important to you one day.

While you're there, also check out the new man overboard markers, rescue slings, and rescue throw lines. You'll be amazed!

I hope you all have a great summer boating season!

Captain Laragione is the previous owner of The Maritime Institute which offered USCG approved courses for mariners. He is well known for his motto - "The key to safe boating is education; so let's get educated!"

Recreational Boating and Fishing - What You Can and Can't Do
Speaking of summer and boats and dinghies, is it time to head out for some relaxation on the water? If so, be sure to check out the latest pandemic boating and fishing regulations in your area.

The rules can change frequently and may vary in different locations, but here's a typical list of today's do's and don'ts from the Port of San Diego.

  1. Recreational boating and fishing is allowed for vessels on which all occupants are members of the same household.

  2. Jet skiing, kayaking, and paddle boarding is allowed (kayakers and paddle boarders may launch from beaches).

  3. All boat launches on San Diego Bay are open – Chula Vista, Glorietta Bay, National City, and Shelter Island (launch parking lots are open).

  4. Fishing is allowed from Port piers, parks, beaches and shoreline areas where not otherwise prohibited per Port signage.

For more information and the latest update including the status of Piers and Parks, visit this page on the Port of San Diego's website.

Preventing Collisions At Sea (Part 4) - Red Over Red - The Captain is Dead!
- By Commodore Vincent Pica
A couple of weeks ago, I laid out the ground work for these next set of Rules, which are considerably more "intense" in their application of these so-called "Lights and Shapes."

Why? Because they have to do primarily with commerce over the open seas where the life blood of the US and the world economies still flow.

Despite our high tech economy and the reliance on the airline industry for transport, the OECD reports that 90% of the world's goods are still transported by sea. This being the case, we had better understand what we are signaling to each other – with our Lights and Shapes.

What Does Rule 27 Say?: Rule 27 is about vessels "not under command (NUCs)", – meaning that the captain cannot control the vessel for whatever reason. The rudder may be jammed over (going in circles), catastrophic failure of hydraulic steering system, total failure of braking system (just kidding!), etc.

Rule 27 also refers to vessels "restricted in their ability to maneuver (RAMs)" by the nature of her work.

What does that mean? The Rules specifically mentions "severely restricted" by towing, dredging or other "underwater operations" or "mine clearance" operations as examples.

What should you do? Stay well clear and by – NUCs and RAMs are the very highest of the "pecking" order of priority.

Red Over Red –- The Captain is Dead:
How do you know that a vessel is a "NUC?" The Shape is two balls in a vertical line and the Light signal that the vessel must display is two red "all-around" lights in a vertical line "where they can best be seen."

"Red over Red – the captain is dead" meaning the vessel cannot be controlled via any helm control. Perhaps the most famous "NUC" was the German battleship Bismarck. On her first and final mission, late in May 1941, after she sank the HMS Hood with a single shot into the Hood's main magazine (causing the Hood to break in two in an enormous fire ball and sink with her 1,415 crew and Admiral Holland in under two minutes), Sir Winston Churchill gave the famous command – "Sink the Bismarck!"

On May 26, after three days of sea battles, maneuvers, feints and lucky breaks, a British "Swordfish" torpedo plane put a torpedo into the Bismarck's rudder, jamming it. She now was forced to steam in a circle, unable to escape. Since the Bismarck refused to raise a flag of surrender, the British Navy took its revenge the next morning on the Bismarck, her 2,100-man crew and Captain Lindemann. Truly, red over red!

Restricted In Her Ability to Maneuver – By the Nature of Her Work. Towers have the burden of declaring that they are "severely restricted" to raise the Shape (Ball, Diamond, Ball) and Lights (Red over White over Red) to declare herself a "RAM." Does that mean that SeaTow bringing in a 30'er with a fouled prop is a RAM? In the strictest definition, unlikely. Should you give her a wide berth and pass her "on a slow bell"(minimum speed needed for you to maintain steerage)? Of course. But a RAM in this regard most likely will involve a towed vessel of considerable windage and leeway with a tug (or two) doing the necessary labors.

Why? Mostly, because there is no way to stop the entourage in any reasonable distance or otherwise take action with respect to Rules 13-15 (overtaking, head-to-head, or crossing situations.) Other classes of RAMs are dredgers (who must also show two balls/two red lights on the side of any equipment out-boarded abeam) or a mine-clearer. A mine-clearer (thankfully unheard of in these waters!) will show three balls in a line as her Shape and three green lights in a row as her Light.

How about a 1,000 ft leviathan full of Chevy's for Brazilians, steaming out towards the Canyons from Port Newark. Well, if she had to stop for you, remember this. From her cruising speed, her skipper can throw all the engines into "full power, astern." And she'll stop in about 5 sea miles!

Commodore Pica is District Directorate Chief; Strategy & Innovation; First Coast Guard District, Southrn Region USCGAux. He is also a U.S. Coast Guard licensed Master Captain.

BTW, if you are interested in being part of USCG Forces, email me at .

Inflatable Dinghy Losing Air? Here's How to Fix It
If your dinghy is losing air pressure, the best tool to find the leaks is light soapy water in a bucket and spray bottle. Start by checking the valves first - the number one cause of slow leaks is due to poorly fitted valves.

Spray around the valve, and if you see bubbles forming, unscrew the valve and clean the area. Check the valve fitting and base and be sure the valve insert is screwed on tight.

You can apply glue from the repair kit to seal small leaks around the valve or holes where the nylon string enters the valve assembly. Make sure the little rubber O-rings are still good. If that doesn't fix the problem, it's time to get a new valve.

Next, take the floor boards out and fully inflate the boat until it's hard to the touch. Put some liquid detergent in a bucket of water and scrub it all over the boat with rag or big wash brush. Watch for elusive or tiny bubbles to find the leaks.

Inflatable boats come with a repair kit as standard equipment, but if you don't have the original kit, be sure to check with the manufacturer to find out what material your inflatable is made of. The wrong kit could be a very bad thing.

It is recommended to do repairs in dry weather. Humidity will decrease glue bond. Cut a piece of repair material large enough to overlap the damaged area by approximately 1" and round off the edges.

Apply glue to the underside of the patch and around the area to be repaired. Too much glue may interfere with a proper repair. Allow adhesive to become tacky for 5 minutes, and then place patch on the damaged area.

Use a weight to apply 3-5 lbs. of pressure over the patch for 24 hours. After the patch has dried, apply glue around the edges for a complete seal - let dry for six hours.

As The Screw Turns ...
Sounds like a soap opera, but actually it's a boat trivia subject that few people think about - i.e., do the prop(s) on your boat turn clockwise or counter clockwise - and does it make any difference? The answer is "yes"!

Prop rotation has a significant effect on how a boat maneuvers, especially when reversing.

When you look at a prop from the aft looking forward, you'll be able to quickly deduce from the beveling of the blades as to which direction it would need to rotate in order to "push" water at you when driving the boat forward.

Those that turn clockwise are called "right-handed" props, and those that rotate counter clockwise are called "left handed".

Most single screw boats have right-handed props, and twin screw boats almost always have the tops of the blades spinning outward for best maneuverability.

And now you know - but do you know which direction the props on your boat spin? You can't necessarily tell by looking at the engine because the transmission may reverse the spin.

But look at the shaft and coupling aft of the transmission while moving forward - if it's spinning clockwise, there's a right-handed prop on the end.

For more information on how props work, here's a link to a cool website we found.
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