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October 2020 - Marina eNewsletter
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Sun Harbor Marina
5000 N. Harbor Drive
San Diego, CA 92106



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From the Marina Office!
Welcome to the October 2020 issue of the Sun Harbor Marina eNewsletter.

We want to start this issue of the Sun Harbor Marina newsletter by thanking everyone for helping Sun Harbor recertify as a Clean Marina. The Clean Marine Program is a partnership of private marina owners, government marina operators, boatyards and yacht clubs.

It was developed to ensure clean facilities exist in our boating communities and protect our waterways from pollution. We are happy to be part of this partnership.

Read more about the program and see us at www.cleanmarina.org.

Although recreational boating is still limited to household members on a vessel, there is a request in process with the State of California to open this up. We will keep you apprised of any changes to this restriction.

Under the state guidance commencing August 31 restaurants, places of worship, movie theaters, museums and more can open indoors at 25% capacity. Other operations such as gyms can open indoors at 10% capacity and a variety of salons are now fully open again for indoor operations. For more information visit www.sandiegocounty.gov.

In this month's issue, we bring you our Clean Marina Minute; "Yes, A Boat Can Help with Stress during a Pandemic" from Laura Brownwood, "How to Scan for "Stop Your Boat" Emergency Landing Strips from Captain John, plus our October recipe for Fluffy French Toast.

Marina Event
The 36th Annual Coastal Cleanup Day is going virtual on Saturday, September 26, 2020 in San Diego County. There will be a virtual kickoff event broadcast through Facebook Live at 9:00am on I Love A Clean San Diego's Facebook page.

Cleanups will be self-guided and close to home. Local parks, shores, creeks, streets, sidewalks, drainage areas, natural areas, and trails are good choices. Trash within our neighborhoods will become the trash polluting our coast once the rains come.

Sun Harbor Marina is your Supply & Data Hub facility this year!

  1. Beginning September 14th until the 26th, you can come to the Sun Harbor Marina office to pick up supplies and go over instructions from 8:30am - 5:00pm, Monday thru Saturday.

  2. Please return completed data cards as soon as you finish your cleanup. You drop off your card at the office or email a photo of both sides to assistant@sun-harbor.com by Thursday October 1st.

Whether you're coastal or inland, it all makes a huge impact on the health of our waterways and oceans – cleaning the coast starts at your front door.

Marina News
• Please wear a mask when you are on the docks and when you come to the office.

• All mail and packages can be collected in the mailroom. Packages delivered to the office will be held till 5:00pm for pickup and then put in the mailroom, if the recipient has a mailbox.

• Pizza Nova is open for takeout, delivery and they have lots of outside dining. Indoor dining is available now at 25% capacity seating.

• OEX is open for rentals (which now includes hydro bikes!). Forms are now online at www.oexpointloma.com and social distancing protocols are in place.

Special Dates in October
October 1st        International Coffee Day (try this month's recipe with a cup a coffee today)
October 5th
      Do Something Nice Day
October 11th
    It's My Party Day
October 17th
    Wear Something Gaudy Day
October 27th
    Navy Day
October 30th
    Frankenstein Friday -
last Friday in October
October 31st
    Halloween & Increase Your Psychic Powers Day

Clean Marina Minute - Proper Use of Marine Sanitation Devices
In response to growing fears of the decrease in quality of our nation's bodies of water, Congress enacted the Clean Water Act of 1972 (amended in 1987). It addresses a wide spectrum of water pollution problems, including marine sewage from boats in navigable U.S. waters including coastal waters from a distance of 3 miles offshore. All of San Diego Bay is a no discharge zone. Boats with installed toilets must have an operable Coast Guard approved MSD designed to either hold sewage for pumpout ashore or for discharge in the ocean beyond the three mile limit, or to treat the sewage to Federal standards prior to discharge.

Know the Law
• More than three miles from the coast it is legal to discharge raw (untreated) waste overboard, either directly from the toilet or by emptying the holding tank.

• Inside the three mile limit, it is illegal to dump raw sewage. In these areas, boaters may discharge waste only if it has been treated by an onboard treatment device like the Raritan Electro Scan (Type I or II MSD). Otherwise, it must be contained on board in a Type III MSD — a holding tank — and transferred ashore at a pump–out station (which, in many cases, sadly, means it will get a modest amount of treatment before finding its way back into the water).

Yes, a Boat Can Help with Stress During a Pandemic
- By Laura Brownwood
COVID-19 and the information overload it has caused, has increased worldwide levels of stress and anxiety. The human brain is complex and provides the unique ability to imagine threats to your health, including how this virus could cause harm. Even many of those who believe the majority of people with COVID-19 recover and only experience mild-to-moderate symptoms, body aches, fever, and cough, still find themselves worrying. The uncertainty of how it will impact physical, financial, and social health (and that of loved ones) has led to unprecedented levels of stress and anxiety.

Identifying Signs of Stress
Everyone experiences stress. It’s the response to stress and anxiety that makes the difference. The symptoms of persistent, un-managed psychological and physical stress include:

  • Difficulty sleeping or relaxing
  • Rapid heartbeat
  • Frequent headaches
  • Gastrointestinal upset
  • Feeling more irritable or angry
  • Excessive worrying
  • Feeling depressed
  • Feeling anxious, fearful, or confused
  • An increase in the use of alcohol, tobacco, or the misuse of legal and illegal drugs

Long-term activation of your body's stress-response system can increase the risk of developing serious health problems. What can you do?   Your boat can help.

Captain John's Skipper Tips - How to Scan for "Stop Your Boat" Emergency Landing Strips
Imagine that you enter a marina channel after a perfect sailing day. All of a sudden--your engine sputters, shudders and dies! You press the starter button. Nothing doing! And, there's no room to anchor and no room to turn around. What now, skipper?

You can bet that the best airplane pilots are always on the lookout for landing strips off the planned route. If they get into trouble, they may need to set her down. You can use this same strategy anytime you enter a marina, narrow channel, or waterway.

Look for an empty dock or slip space to slide into. Do this every time you enter or exit any marina--including your own home marina. Things seem to go wrong when we get too complacent. I've been there more than once.

Which brings me to the next point...

Prepare both sides of your boat for defensive docking--not just the intended docking side. In an emergency, you will not know which side you will need to dock on. So, put an extra fender or two and an extra line or two on the other side--just in case.

In close quarters maneuvers, stationary boats do less harm than boats with way on (speed or momentum). So, your main priority will be to get a line looped around a pier cleat or piling as soon as possible. Nothing fancy. But get the boat stopped.

If you have lots of docking space, you might use a stern line to stop the forward momentum of your boat. Expect this line to come under lots of strain, so warn your crew to stand clear. Get another docking line over as soon as you can to hold her alongside.

If you have limited docking space, use a short spring line led from a beam cleat or fitting to a pier cleat or pier piling. Again, take care to keep hands and arms clear as the line comes under tension. Get over other docking lines as soon as possible.

Tap into the secrets of the pros with defensive docking strategies like these. Sail safe on the waters of the world this sailing season, wherever you choose to sail or cruise.

Marina Recipe - Fluffy French Toast

This month, a breakfast recipe to go with "International Coffee Day". First here are a couple of important tips! Enjoy!

1. Cut thick slices of bread, then dry them out in the oven. Examples: Challah, Texas toast, Brioche and even left-over French Bread will work. The thicker the slice, the more custard it can soak in. First, you'll dry out the bread in a 300°F oven, which ensures your French toast is soft and fluffy but not soggy.

2. Use full-fat dairy for the very best custard. Use either whole milk, heavy cream, or a combination of the two for the richest custard for your French toast.

3. Fry the French toast in butter. As long as you keep a close eye on it, the butter won’t burn and makes a more flavorful French toast.

1 loaf of a nice thick bread, cut into 1-inch-thick slices (10 to 12 slices)
1 1/2 cups whole milk, heavy cream, or a combination of the two
6 large eggs
2 tablespoons maple syrup, plus more for serving
1 tablespoon vanilla extract
1/2 teaspoon ground cinnamon
1/4 teaspoon salt
2 to 3 tablespoons unsalted butter

Arrange a rack in the middle of the oven and heat to 300°F. Fit a wire rack inside a rimmed baking sheet. Place the bread in a single layer on the rack. Bake, flipping halfway through, until dry to the touch on both sides, about 15 minutes total. Remove from oven and let cool 5 minutes. Meanwhile, make the custard.

Place the milk or cream, eggs, maple syrup, vanilla, and cinnamon in a quart-sized liquid measuring cup or medium bowl. Whisk until fully combined (no streaks of egg remaining). Pour into a 9x13-inch baking dish.

Add as many slices of bread as can fit in a single layer. Soak, flipping once, until drenched but not falling apart, 1 to 2 minutes per side. Return to wire rack (letting excess drip off into baking sheet) and repeat with remaining bread slices.

Melt 2 tablespoons of the butter in a large nonstick skillet over medium heat. When the foaming subsides and the butter is sizzling but not brown, add 4 soaked bread slices. Cook until the bottoms are golden-brown and crispy. Serve warm with more maple syrup.

Just a reminder about working on your boat at the marina. Now is the time before winter arrives to get those maintenance projects done. Remember that apart from ordinary maintenance, no work involving the Vessel may be accomplished while at the dock or otherwise on Marina property. Prohibited work includes, but is not limited to, hull painting, heavy sanding, use of paint remover, spray guns, or the burning of paint on the topsides or above the decks. If you are sanding you are required to recover and dispose of all sanding dust. Contractors hired by Owner to work on the Vessel must be approved by the Marina prior to the commencement of such work, and each such contractor must maintain and provide proof of liability insurance in an amount of at least $500,000 and workman's compensation for employees.

Final Thanks
I hope everyone had a safe and healthy September. We hope to hold some kind of event before the end of 2020. If you have ideas that you want us to try for virtual or other gatherings please give us a call. We are open

That's it for Us! To follow our daily updates, please visit our Facebook Page. We also welcome your Comments on Yelp.

Best Regards,
Lisa Rustin and the Sun Harbor Marina Staff

Eight Steps to Anchoring in a Storm
As seen in - Sailing Britican
So, what do you do if a storm is on its way and you're anchored in a harbor? Anchoring in a storm or in high winds is part of the sailing lifestyle. Many storms arrive unannounced and others, although predicted, can turn out to be worse than expected

Use these eight steps to anchoring in a storm. As a sailor, it's important to understand key steps to ensure your boat and crew are safe.

Sailing, Liveaboard Life, Guides, Checklists, Vlog & More!

1. Analyze Your Surroundings
Survey your current anchor spot and determine if it makes sense to move the boat – either to another safer anchorage or to another spot within the anchorage. There is a multitude of factors to consider when analyzing the safety of a harbor; especially when a storm is on its way.

Ideally, you want the wind, when it hits, to blow you away from land and/or any obstructions (rocks, shallows, etc.) in addition to having good holding for your anchor. Look at the forecasts to determine if the wind direction will change and if you can safely swing on your anchor.

Another key consideration regarding anchoring in a storm is the number of boats in the anchorage. With more boats, there are more chances of another boat dragging and hitting you. There's also the position within the anchorage to consider. If you anchor close to shore and you drag, how many boats will you take out on your way? Or what happens if you get your anchor line fouled in another line?

TIP: We usually choose to anchor the furthest away from land and other boaters in a harbor. Our feeling is that if things get really bad, our best bet is to up anchor and head out into sea away from other boats, land, etc. The downside of doing so is that the wind can often be stronger as there's less protection from the land.

The "Yellow Jack" Q Nautical Flag - What Does It Mean Today?
Its proper name is the International Code Flag "Quebec" or "Q". It is a simple square yellow flag that was historically used to signal "Quarantine".

The "Q" flag is flown when entering most foreign ports or when returning to a U. S. port from a foreign cruise.

The flag used to signify that a ship had a quarantinable disease aboard, but in modern times, it signals something quite different.

Now it signals to customs and immigration officials that you're a new arrival not yet officially checked into the foreign country that is requesting boarding and inspection, and you are a vessel declaring yourself free of quarantinable disease.

In International maritime signal flags, plain yellow, green, and even black flags have been used in the past to symbolize disease in both ships and ports, with the color yellow having a longer historical precedent, as a color of marking for houses of infection, previous to its use as a maritime marking color for disease.

The Q Flag received it nickname "Yellow Jack" during the Yellow Fever epidemic that began in the mid 17th century.

Christian Marine Surveyors

Duct Tape; WD-40; and Boating
Duct tape was invented during World War II. American soldiers used the strong, versatile adhesive for everything from repairing broken chairs and tables to making temporary bandages.

WD-40 was invented to create a rust-prevention solvent and degreaser in 1953 in a small lab in San Diego, California for use in the aerospace industry.

As incredibly useful as it is on boats, Duct Tape can leave a sticky gooey stubborn mess behind when you remove it. But a can of WD-40 can make that removal job fast and easy.

"WD-40" is abbreviated from the term "Water Displacement, 40th formula", suggesting it was the result of the 40th attempt to create the product. The spray, composed of various hydrocarbons, was originally designed to be used by Convair to protect the outer skin of the Atlas missile from rust and corrosion.

The Melvin A. Anderson Company of Cleveland, Ohio, acquired the rights to the tape in 1950. It was commonly used in construction to wrap air ducts. Following this application, the name "duct tape" came into use in the 1950s, along with tape products that were colored silvery gray like tin ductwork.

Duct tape is absolutely wonderful . . . until you remove it and find a bunch of sticky residue left behind. Here's how to remove it quickly, easily and cheaply!

Duct tape —or Gorilla Tape —is great for lots of things, but it's not known for coming off cleanly, particularly if it's been hot. You can try to use acetone, or switch to Goo Gone. But a contractor said to use WD-40 —- he swore it was better and much cheaper. He was right — it easily removes tape residue that took forever with Goo Gone.

Important Note: Never use WD-40 or any other lubricants on unfinished wood, marble or any porous material - it will sink into the pores and permanently ruin the material. Using WD-40 on fibre glass, glass, linoleum, vinyl, granite, or finished wood is o.k.

Here's How to Do It: Wear gloves to protect your skin

If there is a lot of residue to remove and nothing nearby that the WD-40 would hurt if it ran or dripped, you can spray the WD-40 on the residue and let it sit for just a while before scrubbing.

If you need to be more precise to avoid damaging something close by, soak a small piece of a rough cloth with WD-40, then scrub at the residue.

After removing the residue, wash with soap and warm water to clean the area so it's not slick from the WD-40. This is really important if you've gotten some anywhere that people will walk as it is extremely slippery.

Protecting Your Bottom With Copper - When Did It All Start?
- By Commodore Vincent Pica
If you really think about it, when we paint the bottoms of our boats with copper-oxide paint, we are literally "painting with poison".

What are we trying to poison? Barnacles, algae, slime and other stowaways who can clog our intake valves, foul our running gear and, as a consequence, actually create another bio-hazard as we have to apply more power (meaning burning more fuel and creating more exhaust) to move the boat at a given speed.

Our intentions in doing this are not necessarily ignoble, –but if we start to address some of the collateral damage, we can make them noble.

When did humans discover the power of copper to poison and add speed? A long time ago!

The history of the War of the Barnacles goes back to the Phoenicians. They used many substances – including lead and tar – to battle the speed-killing and weight-adding stowaways.

It wasn't until the Romans realized that shields of battle work at sea too – and shielded their ships with copper sheathing –that something effective began to turn the battle in favor of the mariners.

This technique lasted for millennia. History tells us that Nelson had an inherent 20% speed advantage over the Spaniards at the Battle of Trafalgar because of copper sheathing.

A lot of dangerous things don't reach the tipping point until there is a lot of something acting on the environment. By the 1950s, boating had begun to be popular enough that scientists started to notice that shellfish were being affected by these bottom paints. This started the process that more than a half-century later is showing up in various alternatives.

Two Pounds a Year: A 30' boat, painted with copper-oxide anti-fouling paint, leaches 2 pounds of copper into the waterways each year.

Now, before you start to feel like an environment killer, scientists note that Nature naturally leaches 250,000 tons of copper into the sea each year –compared to the ~15,000 tons that all the sea-going vessels add.

But the ocean is one thing –- a marina with 100 vessels closely packed is another. And that is the rub, sort to speak.

States and municipalities are starting to notice and taking action in two ways – restricting boat owners from using certain bottom paint mixtures and keeping marina owners from draining their waste water into the sea. Connecticut banned marina owners from doing so a few years back, requiring them to collect the water and bring it to a treatment plant. Sounds expensive, which just ends up in dockage fees or, worse, fees so high that boaters start to drop out!

Eventually, the Feds will bring a suit under the Clean Water Act and then the game is afoot.

But the regulators aren't just throwing (your) money at the problem.

They are sponsoring "bake-offs" where boat owners and paint companies can try different formulas to address the issue.

San Diego both passed a law that requires the amount of copper pollution in the Port of San Diego to be reduced by 75% in 15 years –and has created test beds for various formulas. And they have found that not only are different chemicals effective (such as zinc) but also paints can be made more "slick" so those stowaways can't grab a toe-hold (or whatever it is that they hold on with!)

The paint companies haven't sat on their hands and have developed a number of alternatives – but getting approval from the EPA to add a chemical to the equation takes considerable time too.

Will the solutions cost more? They already do and they will continue to. Not sure there is any way around that one!

A Primer of Sorts: There is a lot of material out there and you can always discuss it with your dock master, who is certainly interested in the health of our waterways. The largest anti-fouling paint company, InterLux, maintains a lot of material online.

For the more scientifically inclined, the stowaways are not attaching to our boats just for a ride. They attach to eat.

When you put anything in water, tiny electrical charges develop. This was discovered by Johannes van der Waals 1873 (getting the Nobel Prize in 1910.) Via the "van der Waals" force, free-floating objects are attracted to the surface of that object.

In waterways, these objects are decaying matter –- a very attractive food source to our stowaways. The table is set. All it needs is hungry guests, which Mother Nature serves up readily.

Commodore Pica is District Directorate Chief; Strategy & Innovation; First Coast Guard District, Southrn Region USCGAux. He is also a U.S. Coast Guard licensed Master Captain. If you are interested in being part of USCG Forces, email me at JoinUSCGAux@aol.com .

A Covid Story About a Father, a Son, and a Boat
By Kells Christian
My survey job was a pre-purchase marine survey of a 1980s 42' fiberglass sportfish with two Detroit Diesel 8v91TI engines.

I met the clients - a couple, broker and captain and the owner's son at 0800. We are all about the same age, somewhere after 55.

I came aboard with a mask, as is my custom when I board a stranger's boat in the time of covid. All boarded with masks. I hopped in the engine room first, much nicer in there before the sea trial and sun heat everything up.

The masks were a non-issue. People took them off for a break in the cockpit, or to drink or whatever, but in close quarters, on the enclosed bridge or saloon, we masked up. I was the first and only one in the engine room and demasked.

We took the boat a short distance to the boatyard to haul and tap out the bottom (really just a secret marine surveyors' language). We all masked up and the travel lift's crew wore masks. We launched, took a brief offshore seatrial and returned to the slip.

The port engine would not make designed rpm and smoked, probably the turbo, but otherwise the boat was in good condition for its age and the sea trial was uneventful.

At the slip I continued the inspection. After crawling through the lazarette, I took off my mask for a drink of water. "I can't wait till we don't care about these masks", I said and all joined. The owner's son agreed but expressed that we should not think masks are not helpful.

He stressed we should pay attention to science. He also acknowledged it was hard to know what science deserved attention. "Fake news, oppositional pieces and confusion leads to mental fatigue and apathy." He believes the science that says the disease is real, affects people of all ages, and should be avoided. He believes the corona virus can have a very forceful affect or you can become asymptomatic.

He volunteered that he had Covid-19. It hit him hard. He felt very poorly and was feverish for a couple days and then felt "beat up" for two weeks.

He had five tests during quarantine until two returned negative and he was freed. He didn't know a lot about his dad's boat, but clearly had watched his dad operate the boat often. He knew enough to get us through the survey.

It turns out his dad was a bit more cavalier 88 year old. The boat was referred to as his dad's Porsche (it did a respectable 20+ knots (even without one turbo charger) and his dad had it properly provisioned with tools, spares, food and drink. The boat had clearly seen Catalina more than a few times, had an inverter, two generators, freezer and refrigerator, two cabins and two sofas in the saloon. A very suitable choice as an island boat.

His dad fell ill in Catalina, apparently continuing his boating life with less than perfect adhesion to social distancing or corona virus protocols.

The owner's son was chipper. He was well spoken and a talented conversationalist. During a conversation with him about fathers, I shared that my father had been deceased for many years and his passion was golf. He asked my favorite golf memory of my father Bill. I told a story and finished inspecting the interior.

I could tell the character of his father by the boat. It had many miles under the keel but it was functional and reliable. Some of the accessories were original, but most functioned properly. I could tell his dad's character more clearly and respected it more deeply by the son and his character.

His dad had a motto, "don't break the chain", which he attributed to Jerry Seinfeld. It is related to Jerry committing to writing a joke every day, and crossing off a day on the calendar with an "X", never breaking the chain.

Jerry says do something related to your craft every day, no matter how small the action.

The father died Sunday, August 23, 2020 of Covid-19.

Kells Christian has been an accredited Marine Surveyor since 1990. His expertise extends to both recreational and commercial vessels. You can e-mail your marine surveyor questions to kells@themarinesurveyors.com or Click Here to visit his web site.

Installing Lifeline Netting
- By Carla Barrett - SV Mahi
Lifeline netting is an important safety feature on a sailboat when you have young children and/or pets on board.

Full disclosure- This was the first time we had put up netting on board our boat. If we can do it, so can you.

Purchasing the Netting: To begin, let's talk about purchasing the netting and calculating how much to buy. After careful research, I went with the netting sold by SeaMar Sports Netting.

We purchased the 30" - 36" high netting, but keep in mind that the netting will become shorter when you tension it. I did have questions before my purchase, so I called SeaMar up and they were able to answer my questions. I purchased some accessories from them as well, but in the end, chose not to use their poly line (too stretchy) or their stringing needle (not useful). Save your money.

Measuring Your Boat: To determine how much netting to buy, we measured from the bow pulpit, back to the middle of the stern pulpit on one side, doubled this figure, then added 20% to get the amount of lifeline required. This also provided extra netting to fabricate the gates, plus we are making an extra "safety gate" up by the bow pulpit to prevent our son from gaining access to openings there or the windlass.

Other Supplies:
1) Long Zip Ties – These are used temporarily to organize and space the netting out, and also to add tension where needed.

2) New England Dacron Cord or Gray Technical Line – We used the 1/8" gray technical line for the bottom tension, and the white 1/8" Dacron for all other uses. West Marine sells the 1/8" white dacron line in bundles of 40 or 50 feet. We purchased the gray technical line from our rigger.

1) Lifeline Hooks– Sailrite sells a nice quality hook for applying between the stanchions. We prefer these hooks because they are easy to hook the bottom of the lifeline to. We purchased the screws and Hooks from Sailrite.

Snap Hooks– Sailrite sells plastic snap hooks, however, we purchased stainless steel ones. These will be used for the lifeline netting gates. We also used shackles and cotter pins for the gates as well.

3) Hot Knife- We used the Hot Knife from Sailrite, however, a wood burning tool or soldering iron could work in a pinch. All ends of lines and netting were cut using the hot knife.

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