March 2019 - Marina eNewsletter
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Sun Harbor Marina
5000 N. Harbor Drive
San Diego, CA 92106



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Greetings Sun Harbor Mariners
Welcome to the March 2019 edition of the Sun Harbor Marina newsletter.

In this month's issue, we have interesting articles: Top Ten Checklist for Safer Boating, Solid Waste, Self Love-Key to Healthful Living and our homemade pierogi recipe from Mark Kropinski.

We also have Kells expanding on the top 10 reasons boaters file insurance claims; Commodore Vincent explains why the tide sometimes doesn't arrive when it's predicted, and Captain Kevin offers some tips on how to be prepared if you're boarded by the Coast Guard.

In other articles, Bob has some advice for choosing the right anchor for your boat; we highlight a couple of new innovative boat gadgets; and lastly show how to make your lines last a long time.

Marina News
• Back in February we had our Bubble Gum blowing contest! Congrats to Callie at Stratege Law who won the contest! What a great bubble!

• Sun Harbor will be kicking off the GEEC campaign the third week in March. Thank you to everyone who signed up to participate. We are looking forward to a friendly competition and learning more about energy conservation that we can implement at home and at the Marina.

Special Dates in March
March is National Reading Month. Check out the books in the cabinet in the Recreation room. Take one, donate one, read one yourself or to someone else!

March 2nd     Marina Event
March 5th      Universal Human Beings Day
March 7th      Plant Power Day
March 10th    Day of Awesomeness
March 12th    Plant a Flower Day
March 14th    International Ask a Question Day
March 16th    Freedom of Information Day
March 17th    St. Patrick's Day
March 18th    Companies that Care Day
March 20th    First Day of Spring
March 22nd    World Water Day
March 30th    Take a Walk in the Park Day

Marina Events
We will be hosting a potluck with music on the upper deck Saturday March 2nd from 5:00-7:30pm.

Kristina, the new office assistant will be performing with her band, Luminescent and Sophisticated Monkey. Kathy will be joining us for the evening, so be sure to stop by and say Hello!. Please bring an appetizer or some food to share for the potluck. Looking forward to seeing you all there! It's going to be a fabulous gathering!

And looking ahead, Sun Harbor Marina Activities for 2019
April 13th             An evening of Breath by Laura
May 28th              Memorial Day Breakfast
                               Bonanza Potluck

June 8th               National Marina Day
September 21st    Coastal Clean-up Day
October 12th        Annual Chili Cook-off

Clean Marina Minute - Solid Waste
- By Sean Peterson
Solid waste can collect at marinas, yacht clubs, and boat ramp sites. The waste will enter surface waters if litter is not continuously picked up, and if trash receptacles are not provided or conveniently located. If insufficient attention is given to controlling waste produced during boat operation, cleaning, maintenance and repair activities, waste will collect.

Keep Trashcans and Dumpsters Covered.
Marinas or yacht clubs that appear clean are more attractive to customers. Substantial clean up costs can be replaced by small initial investments in trash collection and preventive practices. Providing sufficient waste receptacles, separating waste into classes of recyclables and preventing litter are all accepted practices. They are all part of great customer service and environmentally friendly management at marinas and yacht clubs.

Boater Best Management Practices:

  1. Do not dump plastic or any other trash into the water because it is illegal. Boaters can prevent overboard disposal by returning [all refuse] to shore for disposal.
  2. Use the dumpsters, trash receptacles and other approved containers to dispose of garbage and other waste. Encourage use of non-styrofoam, non-toxic, biodegradable or reusable cups, plates, silverware, etc. to minimize amount of debris that ends up in waterways.
  3. When conducting in water hull or bottom cleaning, bring or ask your diver to bring the old zinc anodes to the designated location in the marina or take it with them for proper disposal or recycling.
  4. In accordance with the International Treaty to Prevent Pollution from Ships, MARPOL requires all boats 26 feet and over in length to display a CMP Manual.

Self Love - Key to Healthful Living
- By Laura Brownwood
So how do you feel about You? Do you love You? Science is continuing to find more evidence of the mind and body health benefits of self love. Listen to what you are saying to yourself on a regular basis. Is it praise and appreciation?

Clearing the air about this subject is VITAL. Research continues to confirm the need for positive self talk. For years the first thing most would say about "self love" is that it is selfish. Well, ladies and gentlemen, it's time to rethink this. We need to take care of us first, before we can be loving and care for others.

Let's start with what you say/think about YOU on a daily, hourly basis. Take a moment and write down ten things you appreciate about You. If it's easy, then you are in a good place. If not, let's change that!!!! Even if it takes you a few tries, complete your list and put it in a safe place (both on paper and in a file on your computer). Hopefully you will become more aware of the percentage of loving vs critical banter going on in your mind chatter. It should be a lifelong quest to be more positive in our thinking about everything, but ESPECIALLY ABOUT OUR OWN SELF.

Appreciation of Your Body
This too is vital and yes, challenging. In the 60's I modeled in Hollywood and 99% of all the beautiful models I worked with found fault with their bodies. The rest of the world was putting them on a pedestal. and yet they were full of criticism as they approached the runway or camera. No matter what your size or shape, please love your amazing body, made up of trillions of cells. Start with appreciation of all your organs and what they are continually doing for you every second of the day. Put your hand on your heart and say, "thank you" and take time to really feel it. Investing 60 seconds in this way is good for body and soul.

Taking Time to Quiet Your Mind & Breathe
If you are racing through life and rushing here and there all the time, it is very hard to take that 60 seconds to appreciate YOU. Give yourself a gift of daily mindful breathing, investing at least another 5 minutes every single day. Dr Andrew Weil has an easy and yet extremely effective breathing exercise, known as 4-7-8. When practiced regularly, it's possible that this technique could help some people fall asleep in a shorter period of time. Google Dr Weil breathing exercise to find detailed "how to" and YouTube videos demonstrating it exactly. Or come to the rec room where we will be having "Breathing Exercises for Fun and Energy" on Saturday, April 13th at 4:00 - 5:00 pm.

I PROMISE YOU IT’S EASY. The only "hard" part might be disciplining yourself to take the few minutes. You deserve it, so... Just Do It.

Top Ten Checklist for Safer Boating
- By Captain John
Inspect your boat from stem to stern before casting off and after you tie up. Before boating; after boating, Every time. Make these ten items your first stop when you step aboard any boat, power or sail. Develop your own checklist, but be sure to transfer these 'top ten' to the head of the line. Realize that these ten items are just to get you started. Use a checklist for a more thorough item-by-item check.

1. Fire Extinguishers
Fire on a boat means big trouble. Check marine fire extinguisher locations and gauge charges. Recharge any extinguisher where the dial points into the red sector. Point out the location of each portable fire extinguisher to your crew.

Remove dry powder extinguishers from their brackets once each sailing season. Invert them and shake the powder; it tends to cake near the bottom. Then reinstall them in their brackets. Now you know your extinguishers will serve you well in case of an emergency.

2. Flare Kits
All items in your emergency flare kit have two stamped dates: a manufactured date (earlier) and expiration date (later). If they're expired, keep the old ones, but you must replace them with new ones. Flares save lives, so keep them accessible and ready to use in an instant.

3. Stuffing Box
The stuffing box (also called a packing gland) wraps around the propeller shaft where it exits the hull to keep the water out. Marine insurance companies claim that more boats sink from excessive leaks in this area than from any other cause. And boats with these problems sink at the dock, mooring or at anchor---not underway.

Get your flashlight and shine it onto the packing and lock nuts. Water lubricates the packing, so you should see a drop or two every minute. Excessive leaks indicate worn or missing packing. Address this right away before you cast off.
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Marina Recipes - Homemade Pierogi
This month we bring you Mark Kropinksi's wonderful homemade Pierogi recipe. We are excited to bring you another recipe from Mark Kropinski. We are looking for recipes from each of you and will share one each month. We hope you enjoy this one!

Ingredients for Dough:
8 cups Flour
4 Eggs
¼ lb Butter Melted
1 tblsp Salt
8 oz Sour Cream
1½ cups Warm Water

Combine Flour, eggs, melted butter, salt and sour cream together in a bowl. Slowly add the warm water to form dough. Continue to mix until hands are clean. Add a little flour if needed (the dough will be wet and will firm up in the cooler). Wrap well and refrigerate overnight. Use dough the next day and all scraps can be reworked. Makes approximately 100 pieces.
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Marina Minute - Spotlight
Congratulations is in order to Rebecca Heilig for her new position as President of Energy Inspectors Corporation! Ei Companies is one of the leading sustainability companies in the United States, certifying tens of thousands of residential, and commercial properties for energy efficiency, water conservation and indoor air quality annually. Ei Companies is lucky to have her! Congratulations Rebecca!!

A Final Note of Thanks
In closing, a big shout out to the Scarboro's for helping to identify and stop a ground fault. Please check your power cords regularly for wear and tear as well as burn marks.

With all of the rain most dinghies are filling up regularly. Please pump out your dinghy or help a neighbor to keep them afloat and in good working order.

That's It for Us!
We wish everyone a wonderful boating month! To follow our daily updates, please visit our Facebook Page. We also welcome your Comments on Yelp.

Best Regards,
Lisa Rustin and the Sun Harbor Marina Staff

Choosing the Right Anchor For Your Boat
- By Bob Simons
Boating in Southern California is really a mixed bag, and determining what type of anchor, the amount of chain, and the amount of rode and scope you need really depends on the type of boating you are doing and the size of your boat.

There are however some rules of thumb that you can use that serve the majority of boaters.

The type of anchor most popular today is the Danforth. This is an excellent all around anchor, but does not hold well in the grass that is found in many areas in San Diego. If there is a change in wind or tide direction, there can be a problem in holding.

My personal choice is a Bruce anchor and/or a Northill. These have served me well in all sorts of bottoms and weather conditions.

I always carry two anchors. For large boats with plenty of room on the bow, the Plow anchor is very popular, especially for cruisers. Chandleries have excellent charts showing the proper weight for the size of your boat.

The real key to an anchor is carrying the amount of chain that will hold it in the proper position on the bottom. The rule of thumb here is that you should at least carry an amount of chain equal to the length of your boat. Some boats use all chain, but with the price of fuel, this can be a lot of extra weight and for normal cruising is overkill.

The amount of rode is also critical. Rode is the amount of line you play out depending on the depth at which you are anchoring. The books say you should have a scope of about 7 X 1, meaning in ten feet of water you should have seventy feet of nylon line out. Of course if you did this in Glorietta Bay, you would wipe out most of the boats already at anchor.

The most practical way of determining how much line to put out is to ask other anchored boats in the area how much they have out. That way you won't be playing "bumper boats". I usually put out 3 to 4 times the high water depth, using the chart and tide tables, and then keep a close eye out for at least a couple of hours.

The question of using bow and stern anchors comes up occasionally and again it depends on what other boats in the area are doing. If you use fore and aft anchors, you will stay in the same position but if other boaters are on a single anchor, they will swing depending upon the wind, tide or current. Back to "bumper boats".

Anchoring is a lot of fun and very relaxing but it does require a little practice to get good at it.

Bob Simons ImageBob Simons has been in the Coast Guard Auxiliary for over thirty years. He teaches classes in Boating Safety & Seamanship as well as Basic and Advanced Coastal Navigation. Bob is also the co-developer of the Sirius Signal S-O-S light and co-owner of Seabreeze Books and Charts

Captain Kevin's Corner –- Getting Boarded for a U.S. Coast Guard Safety Inspection; Not If, But When!
- by Captain Kevin Dammeyer
In last month's newsletter, I wrote from a broker's perspective touching lightly on the subject of boat surveys. This month, I would like to switch hats and share with you some information coming more from a Captain's perspective.

It's always important to have the required safety equipment aboard before you leave the dock, and it's equally important to have the "right stuff" if you get boarded by the Coast Guard for inspection.

So this month I thought I'd review a list of the most important items boaters need to have on board, and I've included specific information on each item. It is my recommendation these items be checked on a regular basis by including them as part of the regular pre-underway inspection.

1. Life Jackets: There must be a Type I, II, III, or V, life jacket or vest available for each and every passenger on board. Life jackets must be readily accessible, not stowed in plastic bags or locked in closed compartments or have other gear stowed on top of them. Children 12 years and younger must wear an appropriate life jacket at all times unless they are below decks or in an enclosed cabin. Life jackets are generally labeled "Infant", "Child", "Youth" or "Adult" and pertain to the weight of the individual as follows:

a. Infant = 0-30 lbs.
b. Child = 30-50 lbs.
c. Youth = 50-90 lbs.
d. Adult = more than 90 lbs.

2. Type IV Throwable Device: Boats 16 feet in length or greater must have at least one Type IV throwable device (Type IV throwable ring or Type IV throwable cushion) on board, visible and ready to use at all times while underway.

3. Distress Signals/Flares:
(Check the signal/flare expiration dates); Boats 16 feet in length or greater must have: One orange distress flag along with one electric distress light –or- Three hand-held or floating orange smoke signals along with one electric distress light –or- Three combination day/night red flares (hand held, meteor or parachute type).

4. Fire Extinguishers: All required hand-held fire extinguishers need to be securely mounted in an accessible area. The number and type of hand-held fire extinguisher(s) required to be on board is determined by the size of the vessel and if the vessel has a USCG approved fire extinguisher system installed for protection of the engine compartment then the required number may be reduced.

5. Vessel Documentation: If your vessel is USCG documented, it is required to have a current and original (not a photo copy) U.S. Coast Guard Certificate of Documentation on board at all times. Also, it is a requirement that the official number be permanently affixed in block-type Arabic numerals not less than 3" in height, preceded by the letters "NO" on some clearly visible interior integral structural part of the vessel.

6. Required Placards: Boats 26' in length or greater with an enclosed engine compartment are required to display a "Discharge of Oil Prohibited" placard in the machinery area or at the bilge pump control area. All boats 26' in length must also have a "Disposal of Garbage at Sea" displayed near every trash receptacle. Boats 40' or greater must also have (in addition to these placards) a "Waste Management Plan" stating how you deal with collected waste on board. These placards are readily available at your local West Marine store.

7. USCG Navigation Rules And Regulations Handbook:
Boats 12 meters (39'4") or greater need to have the latest edition of this handbook on board for ready reference.

8. Overboard Discharge/Macerator System: If your boat is equipped with this system, remember to always check the overboard discharge sea cock lever is closed when transiting within three miles of shore.

Having the correct safety equipment on board and knowing how to use it translates to a safe and confident boater- And remember, getting boarded by the U.S. Coast Guard for a safety inspection is not a question of "if" but more a question of "when" ... so it's always nice to be prepared.

I have just touched on a few safety items here - for more information on the latest and most official recreational boating requirements and tips, be sure to visit the USCG website. Cheers!

Kevin is a licensed captain who has an extensive career performing private instruction to boaters with all different levels of experience from the novice to other captains. In his years of training boaters, he has accumulated over 10,000 hours as a professional instructor. Kevin transitioned into yacht sales with Silver Seas Yachts a few years ago and now is assisting many of his clients in selling and purchasing boats. You can reach him by email at

Christian Marine Surveyors

On Knowing Which Way the Wind Blows - The WeatherFlow Wind Meter
This pocket-sized anemometer captures highly accurate wind measurements. It Plugs into 3.5mm audio jack on an iOS or Android device.

With the associated free Wind & Weather Meter app you can archive or share critical weather information.

Hold it up high facing into the wind. Your phone does the rest by recording the wind speed (average, lull and gust), wind direction and location.

  • Wind speed (avg, gust, apparent, true)
  • Wind direction (magnetic & true)
  • Crosswind, headwind, tailwind

Cost about $40 at

How to Whip a Line End Using the Oldest and Best Method
As seen on
All lines on a boat will eventually unravel and fray at the end unless the line end is treated in some manner.

You can try tightly wrapping the end with tape, but tape usually rubs off or quickly disintegrates in working conditions. You can fuse the fibers of synthetic lines (nylon, polypropylene) with a flame, but the result is ugly, harsh on the hands, and often not long lasting. After hundreds of years of good seamanship, the historical method of whipping the line end with twine remains the best method and lasts the longest.

Whipping tightly binds the line's fibers near the end. Because the line end actually becomes smaller when compressed beneath the whipping, the line will not bind in blocks or other sailboat gear.

All you need is whipping twine (usually a waxed synthetic) and large needle to get started. Whipping is easy to learn if you follow these steps. Shown here is a double-braid line, but whipping works just as well with a standard three-strand twisted line.

To see the step-by-step instructions on's website, Click Here.

Long Range Antenna Helps Get Free WiFi Off Shore
So you've left the marina and gone cruising. And unless you're paying for expensive satellite internet service, you've also left your internet connection possibilities behind at the dock.

You're cruising or anchored close in to shore and all you want to do is get on the internet for some incidental browsing, but you can't find a way to connect.

You can see some good bars on some free and unsecured networks, but they can't "see" you because your wifi signal coming back decays rapidly with distance.

Enter Alfa Networks UBDo Long-Range Antenna and USB wireless long range network Wifi Adapter.

The innovative antenna system lets you pick up Wi-Fi signals from as far away as 3/10 of a mile and can connect two computers without the use of a router or AP.

Time and Tide Wait for Nobody - Usually
- By Commodore Vincent Pica
Before accepting the weekly tide tables as gospel, take a moment to review a few essentials.

First, don't mistake precision with accuracy. What??? Just because we can predict the tides to the second as far into the future as you could imagine (after all, we certainly know the rotations of the Earth, Sun and Moon to exquisite precision), it doesn't mean that the times are accurate! Why aren't they? (We can put a man on the moon!)

First, the weather matters. Picture the Inlets that punctuate the south shore of Long Island as a straw between one big balloon (Moriches Bay, for example) and one REALLY big balloon (the North Atlantic). If there are strong winds from any northerly heading, someone is blowing back out the straw while the tide itself is trying to come through the straw and into the Bay.

What happens? The tide wins but it arrives later than the computer model, based on celestial relationships between the Earth, Sun and Moon, predicted. Go through all the combinations about wind with the tide (outgoing/ebbing), wind against the tide (incoming/flooding) and you can see. Times are approximate!
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The Top 10 Reasons Boaters File Insurance Claims
- By Kells Christian
Here I sit at the San Diego boat show, trying to come up with an idea for an article, when lo and behold I see the September 2018 BoatUS. Magazine, and their top 10 claims article.

I decided to use their list and my experience in handling claims and add Southern California comments for your entertainment and perhaps enlightenment.

Reason #10 - Wake Damage: This includes boats at the docks, boats rafting up and passengers thrown around underway. In Southern California many marinas are in no wake zones, but most of San Diego bay has no speed limit. Proper dock lines and extra fenders are important but knowing what to expect and preparing for it is the way to prevent this damage. There are a couple restaurants and attractions directly on the bay and they get big wakes, many have tried to fend properly, many have failed, consider the risk vs. the reward. Warn passengers about wakes and take them at an angle and speed to reduce their effect on your boat and crew.

Reason #9 - Boat Theft: This is primarily a trailer boat issue, and while not as prevalent in So. Cal, it's worth considering where you hide your key. Could you find it if you didn't already know where it was? How long would it take? Try to make your boat harder to steal than your neighbor's boat, on a trailer or in a slip.

Reason #8 - Fire and Explosion: Like theft, this ranks high because the amount of each claim is relatively high. We have had some bad years in San Diego with marina fires consuming multiple boats, but lately we have been lucky with only the occasional individual boat fire. Electricity is the ignition source for most of the fires we investigate and there is usually a distinct precursor smell. Explosions are usually preceded by the smell of gasoline or propane, be alert, monitor closely and get out quickly.

Reason #7 - Grounding: We have polar opposite types of grounding. Much of our grounding is on soft mud, usually allowing us to simply back off or perhaps await a higher tide. On the other end we have a few rocks, usually comprising jetties; this type of grounding is much more significant and destructive. Make sure your grounding does not turn into #5; check your bilge after the incident.

Reason #6 - Theft of Equipment: This is a new addition to their top ten list and includes outboards, stern drives, electronics and fishing gear. I always wonder how much meth you can get for a radar monitor or an old loran? Make your boat less attractive, lock it up, put a (fake) camera in a conspicuous place and choose a well protected storage location for your trailered boat (with several conspicuous cameras).

Reason #5 - Sinking: BoatUS says Sinking is slipping in rank, but has made it on all three of their top ten lists. The cause of loss is always the same, too much water on the inside! This claim is as normal for So. Cal. as anywhere. A good way to prevent this is to keep a dry bilge; it is much easier to detect a leak than to detect a bigger leak or another leak. While bilge pumps' malfunctions do not sink a boat (see above) bilge pumps and high water alarms can prevent submersions. Trailer boats fill with water during rainy season too, make sure the plug is out and the bilge is clean.

Reason #4 - Weather/Wind: This is also normal for our area. We may not get snow and ice, but we get high winds, occasional storms and I remember few Tsunami claims. Weather is usually mild and storms here are usually moderate, but they are normally in the winter and are rarely surprises. Extra dock lines, an extra wrap around the roller furling sails, reduced windage and open scuppers are the ounce of prevention. Be aware which wind direction will cause your boat problems and respond or have a boat buddy make the extra precautions and do a post storm check.

Reason #3 - Collision/Allision: A collision is between two vessels, an allision is between a vessel and a fixed object (which can be another vessel). With the exception of sailing races where both entrants contractually agree to alternate rules, every boat in a collision shares some responsibility. Know the rules, keep a proper look out and do whatever is necessary to avoid one. When warranted (boat parade or 4th of July) add a look out, reduce speed, choose courtesy and lose that assertiveness big fella.

Reason #2 - Hurricanes: Well we may have high cost of living, state income tax, earthquakes and fires here in Southern California, but we don't worry about this one here :<)

Reason #1 - Striking a Submerged Object: While these claims rarely result in total losses, if it happens to you, make sure you don't get a #5 (again). Many submerged hazards are charted and are, as are almost all of these claims, avoidable. Do you know about the Hyperion Sewage pipe offshore Playa del Rey or where the submerged jetty is in the San Diego Bay entry channel? There is likely a similar, charted hazard near you and remember maintain a proper lookout.

Kells Christian has been an accredited Marine Surveyor since 1990. His expertise extends to both recreational and commercial vessels. You can e-mail your marine surveyor questions to or Click Here to visit his web site. I Like
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