October 2017 - Marina eNewsletter
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Sun Harbor Marina
5000 N. Harbor Drive
San Diego, CA 92106



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From the Sun Harbor Marina
Welcome to the October edition of the Sun Harbor Marina newsletter.

In this month's issue, we have interesting articles about Leaving A Slip in the Wind, Day Shapes, and How to Navigate the Mobile Minefield (Part 1 of 5).

Special Dates in October
October is National Pizza Month! Show your support by having a Pizza at Pizza Nova.
October 2nd -  
Name Your Car Day
                      (Why not? You named your boat!)
October 4th -  Ship in a Bottle Day
October 8th -  Wild Octopus Day
                      (–Have you seen one near your slip?)
October 9th -  Columbus Day
October 9th -  Pizza & Beer Day
                      (Great day to visit Pizza Nova)
October 27th - Navy Day
October 28th - Sun Harbor Marina Chili Cook Off &
                       Pumpkin Carving Contest
October 31st - Halloween

Peninsula YMCA Chili Cook-Off & Pumpkin Carving Contest Fundraiser
It's Chili Cook-off time! Will you be the next to have the prestigious title of Sun Harbor Marina Chili Cook-off winner? Join us on Saturday, October 28th and enter your best Chili in our annual Chili Cook-off. The 3 categories are:

  • Meat & Beans,
  • Meat No Beans
  • Vegetarian

We request that you make at least one gallon of chili. The more creative you are the better. Can you make the presentation interesting and keep the Judges on their toes? What will you bring to add to your chili? RSVP at the office by October 25th, even if you are not entering your award winning chili. Bring a side dish to share and let's enjoy the hard work by this year's entrants.

When: Saturday, October 28th, (Judging will start promptly at 1:00 p.m. Late entrants will not be eligible for prizes.

Where: Sun Harbor Marina Promenade

Register at the marina office 619-222-1167 deadline is Wednesday, October 25th
. Judges to be announced - stay tuned to Facebook to find out who will be on board.

We have invited the Peninsula YMCA to team with us and promote the cook-off as their fundraiser. They will help us sell tasting tickets and some of the staff and volunteers will be on hand selling drinks. The proceeds will go directly to local families in need of camp and child care services. Tickets will be $5.00 per person for 5 tastings. The kids at the Y are a great cause - plan on joining us.

Special Thanks: Operation Clean Sweep Team

The San Diego Port Tenants Association reported that 23,448 pounds of debris and 4,500 cigarette butts were removed across San Diego Bay's watershed and shoreline.

Thank you to our vendors: Hotshots, Dirty Bottoms and Omega Diving and our tenants: Kelly Gillotti, Chris Donnelly, Mike McGrath, Sandy Kaiser, Tara & Danny Gordon for assisting with the OCS efforts on August 26th. We appreciate your help in keeping America's Cup Harbor and surrounding lands clean for everyone's enjoyment and use.

Sold Your Boat?
As you approach the Second Happiest Day of Boat Ownership, SHM wants to remind you that if you have sold your boat the prospective buyer MUST BE APPROVED and undergo all new tenant application process with management in order to Secure a slip. Note – you may want to give the office a 30 day vacate to terminate your Wharfage Agreement or talk to us about the new boat you are getting for the slip upon the sale of your previous one.

Printer Use in the Recreation Room
The printer in the Recreation Room was physically abused. The breakage is not repairable. If you have a few pages that need to be printed, visit the office staff. You can also email the document to us in advance at assistant@sun-harbor.com. To print large files involving more than 2 or three pages, we ask that you take your print job to a Staples, Mail Box Express, Mail Box Etc. which are all nearby.

Also a reminder that the Recreation Room hours are from 5:00am to 11:00pm. The doors lock automatically, so please don't lock yourself out late at night.

Leaving Your Slip in the Wind
Source by BoatUS
Learn five tactics to get away from the dock when the gusts are against you.

Situation 1:
Wind Pushing Starboard Side, Stern Out

  1. Hard left rudder. Engine forward will kick out the stern.
  2. Reverse engine with left rudder, after releasing line and clearing dock.
  3. Forward out of the marina.

Situation 2:
Wind Pushing Away From Dock, Stern Out

  1. Engine forward and right rudder kicks out the stern.
  2. Engine reverse with left rudder after releasing line and clearing dock.
  3. Forward out of the marina.

Situation 3:
Wind Pushing Port Side, Bow Out

  1. Reverse engine, right rudder to pivot bow into the wind.
  2. Remove line and steer into wind.

Situation 4:
Wind Pushing Away From Dock, Bow Out

  1. Release bow line first, then stern and power forward with right rudder.

Situation 5 - Wind Pushing Starboard Side, Bow Out

  1. Reverse engine, left rudder to pivot bow into the wind.
  2. Remove line and steer into wind.

Read More     

Day Shapes Source
- By Captain John at www.skippertips.com
Sail long enough and you can bet you will come across a vessel that shows a bunch of black geometric shapes hoisted in her rigging. These are called Day Shapes. Day shapes may be shaped like a ball, a diamond, a cone or a cylinder.

Single day shapes or combinations of day shapes are required to be shown when a vessel has a specific type of work or status that restricts their movement. They might be unable to get out of the way of another boat or ship. Day shapes are displayed from sunrise to sunset.

Read More

Boaters Can Load Up Their Mobile Devices With Helpful Applications
(Part 1 of 5)
- By The Log
California - As a boater, it is important to know the weather window. Checking the weather forecast is what boaters and sailors do prior to going out to sea. Having the best boating apps loaded onto your cellular phone or tablet is also a good plan.

In today's world, so many resources are literally at boaters' fingertips these days. With all the technology out there currently, boaters can access radio, internet sites and mobile applications.

Marine forecasts are available on NOAA's National Weather Service website at weather.gov/marine. NOAA also has a national weather hazards listing all the radio frequencies at nws.noaa.gov/nwr. Both are great resources for mariners.

A mobile application – or app – can also be beneficial to boaters as a resource for weather, traffic and much more.Read More


Clean Marina Minute
In keeping with the large effort of the clean ups, Operation Clean Sweep and the International Coastal Clean up just completed, you might be interested in knowing about the location of No Discharge Zones.

The Law - Sewage regulations are some of the most misunderstood boating laws. To be clear, it is ILLEGAL to discharge UNTREATED sewage on inland waters and within 3 miles of shore. To legally dispose of sewage boaters must either have an on-board treatment device (Type I or Type II MSD) or a holding tank (Type III MSD) to hold the waste and have it pumped out ashore. A No Discharge Zone (NDZ) further prohibits the discharge of treated boat sewage.

Within NDZ boundaries, vessel operators are required to retain their sewage discharges on-board for disposal at sea (beyond three miles from shore) or onshore at a pumpout facility.

Read More

Pumpkins, Occasionally Scary, Always Healthy
- By Laura Brownwood
Sure, pumpkins can seem spooky in their Jack-o-lantern state, but don't be fooled, they are loaded with antioxidants and disease-fighting vitamins. These gourds aren't just for carving, they are also very nutritious!!

Pumpkin varieties, over thirty of them, come in many different sizes, some less than 3 pounds, others that get up to 100 pounds or more. The heaviest pumpkin weighed 1,810 pounds and was grown in Minnesota.

Pumpkins have 3 grams of fiber and 49 calories per one cup severing, which can keep you feeling full longer on fewer calories.

Pumpkins, along with sweet potatoes, boast the antioxidant beta-carotene, which may play a role in cancer prevention according to the National Cancer Institute. That nutrient, with it's brilliant orange coloring, is converted to Vitamin A and is essential for eye health and helps the retina absorb and process light. Pumpkins also contain lutein and zeaxanthin, two antioxidants that are thought to help prevent cataracts and may even slow the development of macular degeneration. Although it is good to supplement these two nutrients, it is excellent to get it fresh in your diet! In addition to Vitamin A it also contains Vitamin C, both of which are good for the immune system..
Read More


Don't Forget To Look at Our Website
When was the last time you visited the Sun Harbor Marina website? Did you know that there is a List of Contractors for each type of service you may need for your vessel? Did you know that you can access older copies of the newsletter - There are also quick links to weather, tide tables and marine charts. The website can be a great resource for quick access to data that you need. If you have something that you hoped to find, but didn't please let us know.

That's it for Us! – Be sure to sign up for the Chili Cook off on Saturday, October 28th.

Best Regards,
Your Sun Harbor Marina Team

Sea Sickness - Controlling the Sea
- By Kells Christian
Most readers of this article have experienced sea sickness themselves and with families and guests. In my three decades as a marine surveyor and prior years as a captain and boat owner, sea sickness has been the most commonly quoted reason for not participating in boating activities. As an avid boater and boating professional I do all I can to minimize human discomfort and increase enjoyment of boating and overall boating activity.

This article discusses some ways we can "control the seas". Picking the right day or the right weather window is one of the critical decisions. Instead of pushing it because we want to go, perhaps changing plans and going tomorrow or next weekend is a better choice for our crew. Sometimes we cannot control or change our planned Catalina vacation but understanding wave height, direction and period, and how they affect your boat can help with crew comfort. Having alternative destinations is an option, maybe going to Ensenada and returning in better conditions is preferred to beating to Catalina.

Sailboats can use sails to dampen the roll of the vessel and powerboats can use trim tabs as the most basic control. Speed also has a factor in controlling roll, yaw and pitch.

Fixed stabilizing fins can help control a boat's movement underway and deployable devices such as flopper stoppers and para-vanes can be used with almost any type of vessel. Flopper stoppers are butterfly type devices which are hung over a boat at anchor to control roll and para-vanes are deployed while underway for the same reason.

Active fin stabilizers, usually hydraulic, are more effective, and of course more expensive. These systems use a gyro device to manipulate the position of the fins to reduce roll while underway and depending on the size of the vessel more than one pair of active fin stabilizers can be installed.

A more recent version of active fin stabilizers can also help maintain roll stability while moving slowly or not at all. These stabilizers are extremely powerful and "flap" quickly to maintain stability. They require a tremendous amount of power and are known to push a vessel forward.

A very effective stabilizing option is gyro stabilization. A large piece (or pieces) of spinning steel stabilizes the vessel using the same concept as a Segway. The amount of roll stabilization possible with gyro stabilization is truly remarkable. These devices take 30 minutes or so to spin up to speed but a properly matched gyro stabilizer is so effective at reducing roll stabilization that one really must experience it to understand the difference. There is of course a financial cost.

For the more advanced devices the cost includes not only the device but engineering and installation costs. Many modern vessels over 50' in length are being designed and built to accept gyro stabilizers and many manufactures are offering them as an option.

Kells Christian has been an accredited Marine Surveyor since 1990. His expertise extends to both recreational and commercial vessels. Kells was Regional Director of Society of Accredited Marine Surveyors (SAMS) for 2 years and a prominent member of numerous other industry organizations. You can e-mail your marine surveyor questions to kells@themarinesurveyors.com or Click Here to visit his web site.

Better Than "Uncle Weatherby?" - Just Look Up!
- By Commodore Vincent Pica

While weather forecasting is far more reliable than ever before, it pales in our esteem for the mariner that can open the back door, look up, gaze knowingly for a second or two, and pronounce, "nah, we'll be coming home in a whopper. Tomorrow will be better." And, sure enough, a half day later, it is pouring!

This article is all about that mariner.

Clouds are Batteries: Since this column started, we've written about the weather and seamanship many times. And, as those columns implied, clouds are batteries that store water and tremendous power.

But the history of weather forecasting goes back to the dawn of time and is loaded with old wisdoms ("mare's tails and mackerel scales make tall-ship captains take in their sails") and many jokes, ("where else can you be so wrong so often and keep your job!?") So, where does the weather, and these "sayings", come from?

Part of the problem of weather forecasting was solved over a hundred years ago by British meteorologist, Luke Howard, when he devised a system of nomenclature that the rest of the world's scientists were constantly arguing about. Every country wanted to use its own language and definitions for naming clouds and their effects. Howard came forward using – you guessed it – Latin and the fight was over. Meteorologists the world over accepted his type/sub-type system:

Read More


Recommended Viewing - Netflix Documentary Chasing Coral

If you're a boater and you have Netflix, you'll be fascinated by their new documentary entitled Chasing Coral.

In the documentary, divers, scientists and photographers from around the world film an epic campaign to document the gradual disappearance of the oceans' coral reefs, focusing on a phenomenon called "coral bleaching", a type of mass coral dying that has been accelerating around the world.

Along with its stunning photography, Chasing Coral also has a good dose of suspense, education and a dramatic revelation worth pondering. Check it out.

Some Tips for Keeping Your Sails in Top Shape
If you use your sails frequently or in heavy weather, they should be washed at the end of each season.

You can have your local sailmaker do it for you, or if you're a do-it-yourselfer, soak the sails in a warm soap solution for a couple of hours, then hose them off thoroughly.

Make sure they are completely dry before folding. If the sails are particularly dirty, add a small amount of bleach to the water before soaking. Dirty spots can be lightly scrubbed. Laminate sails should be hosed off, dried and folded. Try not to soak or scrub them.

Stain Removal:
For Blood and Mildew:
Soak the stained area in a mild bleach solution for two hours; scrub lightly.

For Rust:
Rust removers are offered under many commercial names and are available at just about any hardware store. Just make sure you rinse the cleaned area thoroughly.

Oil, Grease, and Tar:
Dab the stained area with acetone or lighter fluid and then rub the stain with clean rags. Once the stain is lightened, scrub the area with a detergent and water solution. Rinse all the acetone out of the material.

Storing Your Sails:
All sails should be folded or rolled in a manner that avoids sharp creases. Sails should be stored under well-ventilated, clean conditions. Dampness, which may encourage mildew, should be avoided. While mildew growth does not affect the strength of sails, it can cause unsightly stains that are not easily removed.

For maximum life and strength of your sails, return them to your local sailmaker's loft once a year for inspection or any necessary refurbishing, and washing. This can add years to the life of your sails and help you to get the most out of them in terms of speed and appearance.

A Quiz About Fog - Do You Know What To Do If You Get Caught In It?
If you get caught in heavy fog, do you know what signals to use, and how often?

Test your knowledge of the USCG "Navigation Rules" with this short quiz. Answers are below. (Note: A short blast of the horn is about 1 second - A prolonged blast is 4-6 seconds).

Question #1: You are underway, (under power if a sailboat) and the fog closes in. You slow down so that you can stop within half the range of your visibility, or slower.

You immediately start fog signals, either manually with your horn, or with an automatic loudhailer. You post a bow & radar watch with qualified crew, and turn on your navigation lights. You double check your radar and GPS settings. What horn signal do you give every TWO minutes?

a. 1 short
b. 1 prolonged
c. 2 short
d. 2 prolonged

Question #2: You detect another vessel's fog signal forward of your beam, but you cannot see it or spot it on your radar. You should:

a. Maintain course and speed
b. Slowly circle around
c. Slow to bare steerageway
d. Stop, look and listen
e. Either C or D

Question #3: A mile from the harbor entrance, the fog becomes so thick that you can barely see past the bow. You shift to neutral, but hold your position. Now what signal do you give every TWO minutes?

a. 1 short
b. 1 prolonged
c. 2 short
d. 2 prolonged

Question #4: You hear "prolonged-short-short" off in the distance. What type of vessel could this be?

a. Sailboat underway
b. Vessel with restricted maneuverability
c. Vessel towing another
d. Vessel engaged in fishing
e. All of the above

Question #5: You decide to anchor until conditions improve. The signal you give is:

a. Prolonged-short-short
b. Short-prolonged-short
c. Rapid ringing of bell for 5 seconds
d. Three strokes of the bell
e. Either B or C.

ANSWERS: 1: b / 2: e / 3: d / 4: e / 5: e

Note: It's a good idea to practice a slow harbor approach using your radar and GPS in clear daylight conditions before you find yourself having to do it in reduced visibility. Warning: This is tricky with boat traffic - you need qualified crew to keep watch and you must obey all right-of-way rules during your simulation!

Make sure you know how to 'tune" your radar, and bear in mind that small vessels may not show up except at very short range, but lives are still at stake.

Editor's Note: While we believe the information in this short quiz is accurate, you should have a copy of the USCG Navigation Rules on board your vessel at all times, and refer to it for all current official rules.

Christian Marine Surveyors

Being Prepared for the Long Haul
- By Captain H. G. "Rags" Laragione
It's long range racing and cruising season and we assume you have the appropriate distress signals aboard your boat, but do you have some of the common repair items on board that might well save you from getting into a distress situation in the first place?

Here is a list of the items we have aboard Rhumb Punch, our training vessel at the Maritime Institute. You may want to check it against your on-board repair kit. (I confess we have actually had to use some of these items during actual training exercises.)

  • Mask, Snorkel, Fins, Shorty Wet Suit
  • Sharp Knife for Cutting Tangled Line in Prop
  • Spare Fuses
  • Spare Impellers for Engine and Generator Water Intakes
  • Wire Stripper; Spare Wire, Soldering Gun
  • Heat Shrink and Heat Gun or Small Torch
  • Peel Off Aluminum Foil Tape (For Exhaust Leaks)
  • Rescue Tape for Many Repair Jobs Like Fixing Broken Fuel Lines - Also for Many First Aid Incidents
  • Duct Tape
  • Large Channel Lock for Tightening Shaft or Rudder Packing Gland
  • Spare Hose Clamps
  • Spare Line for Towing minimum 75' (3/4" Nylon With Spliced Ends)
  • Stainless Steel Wire
  • Regular Hammer and Wooden Mallet
  • Hacksaw for Cutting Hoses
  • Spare Electrical Bilge Pump With Alligator Clips on Wires Long Enough to Reach Batteries
  • Spare Manual Bilge Pump w/Sufficient Length Hose on Each End
  • Battery Operated Drill/Screwdriver
  • Screwdrivers - All Sizes
  • Absorbent Pads for Oil Spill in Bilge
  • Spare Spark Plugs and Spark Plug Wrench
  • Wooden Thru-Hull Plugs Tied to Each ThruHull
  • Mechanical Wrenches and Sockets (Metric and US)
  • Strap Wrench; Pipe Wrenches
  • Bolt Cutter
  • Vice Grips; Diagonal Cutters; Needle Nose Pliers - Small Nylon Line

This may seem overboard (no pun intended), but the cost of rescue and towing can be very expensive in many ways. And remember, a mechanical breakdown is not a rescue emergency situation for the U.S. Coast Guard if there's no danger to life and limb.

Like everything in life, if you have it on board, you'll probably not need it - but with boating, why take the chance?

Captain Laragione is the President of The Maritime Institute which offers USCG approved courses for mariners. Curriculum ranges from the maritime rules of the road to the 1600 Ton Captain's License. Captain Laragione is well known for his motto - "The key to safe boating is education; so let's get educated!"

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